2,586 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The neuronal architecture of the mushroom body provides a logic for associative learning

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    A map of the entire array of cell types and potential projections in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain provides insights into the circuitry that supports learning of stimulus-reward and stimulus–punishment associations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar associative sensory learning defects in five mouse autism models

    Alexander D Kloth et al.
    Five mouse models of autism show deficits in delay eyeblink conditioning, a form of split-second sensory learning that involves the cerebellum, a frequent site of disruption in autistic brains.
    1. Neuroscience

    CA1 cell activity sequences emerge after reorganization of network correlation structure during associative learning

    Mehrab N Modi et al.
    As mice learn to associate events separated in time, neurons within the CA1 region of the hippocampus progressively reorganize their firing patterns, leading to a relay of cellular activity that bridges the two events.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct responses of Purkinje neurons and roles of simple spikes during associative motor learning in larval zebrafish

    Thomas C Harmon et al.
    Discrete classes of cerebellar Purkinje neurons show distinct changes in synaptic and spiking activity during motor learning, with simple spikes playing a shifting role during acquisition, expression, and maintenance of learned responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Associative learning changes cross-modal representations in the gustatory cortex

    Roberto Vincis, Alfredo Fontanini
    Cross-modal stimuli are represented in the primary gustatory cortex according to their sensory identity, associability and predictive value.
    1. Neuroscience

    Associative Memory: A big picture of a small brain

    Leslie C Griffith
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    1. Neuroscience

    Learning and Memory: Taking a new look at how flies learn

    Benjamin Kottler, Bruno van Swinderen
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    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic neurons write and update memories with cell-type-specific rules

    Yoshinori Aso, Gerald M Rubin
    Building on previous work (Aso et al., 2014a; Aso et al., 2014b), cell-type-specific drivers and optogenetics are used to control the local release of dopamine and reveal that distinct learning rules are implemented in parallel memory units.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventrolateral periaqueductal gray neurons prioritize threat probability over fear output

    Kristina M Wright, Michael A McDannald
    Single-unit activity in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray, a brain region implicated in organizing fear output, is found to reflect threat probability, a more versatile threat signal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Critical role for the mediodorsal thalamus in permitting rapid reward-guided updating in stochastic reward environments

    Subhojit Chakraborty et al.
    In monkeys, the integrity of the magnocellular subdivision of mediodorsal thalamus is important when using recent rewarded choices to promote persistence with a recently sampled choice during changing or uncertain reward guided-learning and decision-making tasks.

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