1,129 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A molecular mechanism underlying gustatory memory trace for an association in the insular cortex

    Chinnakkaruppan Adaikkan, Kobi Rosenblum
    The role of CaMKII-GluA1 in the cortex in maintaining a given taste memory trace for an aversive association has been elucidated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rhythmic coordination of hippocampal neurons during associative memory processing

    Lara M Rangel et al.
    Different rhythms uniquely contribute to task-related processing in the hippocampus, and changes in the rhythmic profile of the hippocampus reflect dynamic coordination of its cell activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shared mushroom body circuits underlie visual and olfactory memories in Drosophila

    Katrin Vogt et al.
    One memory center in the fly brain processes distinct appetitive and aversive associative memories of olfactory and visual cues using shared local circuits.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Atypical memory B-cells are associated with Plasmodium falciparum anemia through anti-phosphatidylserine antibodies

    Juan Rivera-Correa et al.
    The association of atypical memory B-cells and autoimmune antibodies (anti-phosphatidylserine) with hemoglobin levels in malaria patients uncovers a novel mechanism for the human malaria-induced anemia previously identified in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nitric oxide acts as a cotransmitter in a subset of dopaminergic neurons to diversify memory dynamics

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    The interplay of nitric oxide and dopamine specialize one memory unit in a fly brain in predicting the value of odors based only on recent experience.
    1. Neuroscience

    The neuronal architecture of the mushroom body provides a logic for associative learning

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    A map of the entire array of cell types and potential projections in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain provides insights into the circuitry that supports learning of stimulus-reward and stimulus–punishment associations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mushroom body output neurons encode valence and guide memory-based action selection in Drosophila

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    Output neurons in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain encode the positive or negative survival value of stimuli, enabling insects to choose adaptive approach and avoidance behaviors through associative learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    The computational nature of memory modification

    Samuel J Gershman et al.
    A computational model explains how the brain chooses between creating a new memory versus updating an old one when faced with an event that defies expectations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal theta coordinates memory processing during visual exploration

    James E Kragel et al.
    Eye movements time-locked to retrieval and novelty during learning preferentially occur at distinct phases of hippocampal theta.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dissociable control of unconditioned responses and associative fear learning by parabrachial CGRP neurons

    Anna J Bowen et al.
    Parabrachial neurons expressing CGRP relay affective components of ascending pain information via distinct thalamic and amygdalar pathways, which together contribute to complementary aspects of adaptive threat responses.

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