979 results found
    1. Microbiology and infectious disease

    Asymmetric division triggers cell-specific gene expression through coupled capture and stabilization of a phosphatase

    Niels Bradshaw, Richard Losick
    Asymmetric cell division is linked to cell-specific transcription by handoff of a key developmental regulator from the cytokinetic machinery to the adjacent cell pole where it oligomerizes to become stabilized and activated.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Klp10A, a stem cell centrosome-enriched kinesin, balances asymmetries in Drosophila male germline stem cell division

    Cuie Chen et al.
    Microtubule-depolymerizing kinesin, Klp10A, prevents overgrowth of the mother centrosome to prevent undesirable asymmetries during asymmetric divisions of Drosophila male germline stem cells.
    1. Cancer biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    A long non-coding RNA targets microRNA miR-34a to regulate colon cancer stem cell asymmetric division

    Lihua Wang et al.
    A novel long non-coding RNA targets microRNA miR-34a for epigenetic silencing and initiates asymmetric division of colon cancer stem cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Activation of Discs large by aPKC aligns the mitotic spindle to the polarity axis during asymmetric cell division

    Ognjen Golub et al.
    The Par complex controls spindle orientation during asymmetric cell division by phosphorylating the tumor suppressor Discs large, overcoming its autoinhibited state, and allowing it to bind the microtubule-binding protein GukHolder.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Specific polar subpopulations of astral microtubules control spindle orientation and symmetric neural stem cell division

    Felipe Mora-Bermúdez et al.
    Mammalian neural stem cells specifically regulate a subset of astral microtubules to govern the subtle changes in spindle orientation that underlie symmetric vs asymmetric cell division during embryonic cortical neurogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    The polarity protein Baz forms a platform for the centrosome orientation during asymmetric stem cell division in the Drosophila male germline

    Mayu Inaba et al.
    The stem cell orientation checkpoint senses the correct orientation of centrosomes via their interactions with a protein called Bazooka.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Meru couples planar cell polarity with apical-basal polarity during asymmetric cell division

    Jennifer J Banerjee et al.
    Meru is a factor that provides tissue-specific information to the core polarity machinery by linking planar to apical-basal polarity in asymmetrically dividing sensory organ precursors.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Lineage commitment of embryonic cells involves MEK1-dependent clearance of pluripotency regulator Ventx2

    Pierluigi Scerbo et al.
    Degradation and asymmetric inheritance during cell division of a core pluripotency regulator contributes to lineage commitment in the early Xenopus embryo.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    Vibrator and PI4KIIIα govern neuroblast polarity by anchoring non-muscle myosin II

    Chwee Tat Koe et al.
    Vibrator and PI4KIIIα that stimulate the synthesis of PI(4)P anchor non-muscle myosin II RLC (Sqh) to the plasma membrane and conversely Sqh associates with PI(4)P and facilitates its membrane localization during asymmetric division of neuroblasts.
    1. Cell Biology

    The equatorial position of the metaphase plate ensures symmetric cell divisions

    Chia Huei Tan et al.
    Human cells center the position of the metaphase plate before anaphase onset to ensure the formation of equal-sized daughter cells.

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