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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Potential herd protection against Plasmodium falciparum infections conferred by mass antimalarial drug administrations

    Daniel M Parker et al.
    Given sufficient population adherence, mass drug administration for falciparum malaria can provide group level benefits, also known as ‘herd effects’.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Inference and control of the nosocomial transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

    Sen Pei et al.
    The asymptomatic colonization and importation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hospital settings can be inferred from observed cases using combined model-inference methods and used to inform improved interventions.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Protective effect of Mediterranean-type glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency against Plasmodium vivax malaria

    Ghulam R Awab et al.
    The Mediterranean variant of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency confers a strong gene-dose proportional protective effect against symptomatic Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Pashtun ethnic group.
    1. Neuroscience

    Molecular pathway analysis towards understanding tissue vulnerability in spinocerebellar ataxia type 1

    Terri M Driessen et al.
    Unbiased transcriptomics reveals novel insights into the mechanisms that may contribute to regional neurodegeneration in SCA1, and other SCAs in general.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Quantification of anti-parasite and anti-disease immunity to malaria as a function of age and exposure

    Isabel Rodriguez-Barraquer et al.
    Analyses of detailed clinical and entomological data from cohort studies reveal how anti-parasite and anti-disease immunity against P. falciparum develop as a function of age and transmission intensity.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A transmission-virulence evolutionary trade-off explains attenuation of HIV-1 in Uganda

    François Blanquart et al.
    Analysis of epidemiological data reveals that viral loads in newly HIV-1 infected individuals in Uganda have declined for two decades, and evolutionary modelling shows that attenuation of the virus explains this decline.
    1. Medicine

    Sensitivity of ID NOW and RT–PCR for detection of SARS-CoV-2 in an ambulatory population

    Yuan-Po Tu et al.
    Although the ID NOW platform is less sensitive than RT–PCR for identification of SARS-CoV-2 infection, it provides high positive and negative predictive values in low-prevalence populations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Universality of clonal dynamics poses fundamental limits to identify stem cell self-renewal strategies

    Cristina Parigini, Philip Greulich
    Stem cell self-renewal strategies fall into two classes, and only strategies of different classes can be experimentally distinguished via static clonal data.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Neuroscience

    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum stimulation reverses motor symptoms and synaptic deficits in Huntington’s disease

    Sara Fernández-García et al.
    M2 cortex-dorsolateral striatum circuit is functionally altered in Huntington's disease and, by boosting its activity, we reverse symptoms at behavioral, physiological, and morphological level in symptomatic mice.