116 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Wnt signaling enhances macrophage responses to IL-4 and promotes resolution of atherosclerosis

    Ada Weinstock et al.
    Wnt signaling is revealed to be a regulator of macrophage inflammation-resolving state in atherosclerosis through a PGE2-mediated pathway.
    1. Cell Biology

    LRP1 integrates murine macrophage cholesterol homeostasis and inflammatory responses in atherosclerosis

    Xunde Xian et al.
    Tyrosine phosphorylation of the intracellular domain of LRP1 serves as a molecular switch to regulate cellular cholesterol homeostasis through nuclear hormone receptor-mediated regulation of the cellular cholesterol exporter ABCA1.
    1. Medicine

    Reprogramming of bone marrow myeloid progenitor cells in patients with severe coronary artery disease

    Marlies P Noz et al.
    In patients with coronary artery disease, bone marrow myeloid progenitor cells are reprogrammed towards myeloid skewing and inflammatory activation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Alternative RNA splicing in the endothelium mediated in part by Rbfox2 regulates the arterial response to low flow

    Patrick A Murphy et al.
    Transcriptome analysis reveals an alternative splicing program induced in the arterial endothelium under low-flow inflammatory conditions by platelet and macrophage recruitment and dependent upon the RNA-binding splice factor Rbfox2.
    1. Cell Biology

    HIF-1α is required for disturbed flow-induced metabolic reprogramming in human and porcine vascular endothelium

    David Wu et al.
    Hemodynamic forces regulate endothelial cell metabolism, which in turn regulates endothelial inflammation.
    1. Medicine

    Coronary plaque composition influences biomechanical stress and predicts plaque rupture in a morpho-mechanic OCT analysis

    Andrea Milzi et al.
    Assessing plaque biomechanics by optical coherence tomography highlights the importance of the disrupting effects of plaque stress, bringing stress concentrations as the prime movers of plaque rupture back into clinical practice.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Medicine

    An integrative model of cardiometabolic traits identifies two types of metabolic syndrome

    Amit Frishberg et al.
    A novel type of metabolic syndrome, derived from computational modeling of phenotypic diversity in normal physiological settings, increases the risk of certain complex diseases.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Genetic variant in 3’ untranslated region of the mouse pycard gene regulates inflammasome activity

    Brian Ritchey et al.
    A new mode of inflammasome regulation was discovered through a mouse strain intercross that identified the Pycard locus was associated with IL-1β release, and gene editing showed this was due to an SNP in the Pycard mRNA regulating its turnover.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Methotrexate attenuates vascular inflammation through an adenosine-microRNA-dependent pathway

    Dafeng Yang et al.
    Investigation into methotrexate's effects in the vascular endothelium reveals it exerts anti-inflammatory effects through a unique adenosine-adenosine receptor A3-SMAD3/4-miR-181b signaling axis with implications for controlling vascular inflammation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential accumulation of storage bodies with aging defines discrete subsets of microglia in the healthy brain

    Jeremy Carlos Burns et al.
    Two novel subsets of microglia identified by their unique autofluorescence profiles differ in their subcellular organization, proteomic signatures and in their response to aging and lysosomal dysfunction.

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