59 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy between serum amyloid A and secretory phospholipase A2

    Shobini Jayaraman et al.
    SAA removes toxic products of lipolysis of the cell membrane by sPLA2, indicating that SAA and sPLA2 act synergistically to clear debris from injured sites, as required for tissue healing.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A generally conserved response to hypoxia in iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes from humans and chimpanzees

    Michelle C Ward, Yoav Gilad
    Evolutionarily conserved hypoxic stress response genes are depleted for association with expression quantitative trait loci.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Stem Cells: Getting to the heart of cardiovascular evolution in humans

    Alex Pollen, Bryan J Pavlovic
    Differences in the response of cardiomyocytes to oxygen deprivation in humans and chimpanzees may explain why humans are more prone to certain heart diseases.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Imaging single-cell blood flow in the smallest to largest vessels in the living retina

    Aby Joseph et al.
    By using a specialized camera that corrects for eye blur, millions of single-blood-cells are imaged, and their speed measured, as they travel through the largest-to-smallest vessels of the retina.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Differences across cyclophilin A orthologs contribute to the host range restriction of hepatitis C virus

    Jenna M Gaska et al.
    Incompatibilities between the viral replication machinery and orthologs of the essential host factor cyclophilin A (CypA) contribute to the narrow host range of hepatitis C virus.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Schnyder corneal dystrophy-associated UBIAD1 inhibits ER-associated degradation of HMG CoA reductase in mice

    Youngah Jo et al.
    UBIAD1 mediates a unique geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate-sensing mechanism that when disrupted, inhibits degradation of HMG CoA reductase and triggers overproduction of corneal cholesterol that characterizes the eye disease Schnyder Corneal Dystrophy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Optical manipulation of sphingolipid biosynthesis using photoswitchable ceramides

    Matthijs Kol et al.
    Photoswitchable ceramides containing an azobenzene photoswitch behave as light-controllable substrates for both sphingomyelin synthase and glucosylceramide synthase.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genomics of 1 million parent lifespans implicates novel pathways and common diseases and distinguishes survival chances

    Paul RHJ Timmers et al.
    Genomic associations with lifespan principally reflect heart disease/smoking/dementia but not other cancers, and distinguish lifespan differences of five years between top/bottom deciles of a score derived from DNA alone.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Myocardial NADPH oxidase-4 regulates the physiological response to acute exercise

    Matthew Hancock et al.
    Cardiomyocyte Nox4 is a crucial physiological mediator of Nrf2 activation during acute exercise, triggering an adaptive response that preserves redox balance, mitochondrial and cardiac function to support normal physical exercise.
    1. Cell Biology

    The sterol-responsive RNF145 E3 ubiquitin ligase mediates the degradation of HMG-CoA reductase together with gp78 and Hrd1

    Sam A Menzies et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 genome-wide screens using sterol-sensitive endogenous HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) reporter identify the sterol-responsive RNF145 and gp78 as independently responsible for sterol-accelerated degradation of HMGCR, the rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis.

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