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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal junctophilins recruit specific CaV and RyR isoforms to ER-PM junctions and functionally alter CaV2.1 and CaV2.2

    Stefano Perni, Kurt Beam
    Neuronal junctophilins 3 and 4 similarly recruit and functionally modify P/Q and N-type calcium channels, but differentially recruit the three ryanodine receptor isoforms to endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane junctions.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cerebrospinal fluid proteome maps detect pathogen-specific host response patterns in meningitis

    Anahita Bakochi et al.
    Statistical analysis and LASSO regression modeling provide insights into pathogen-specific host response patterns in cerebrospinal fluid from different disease etiologies to support future classification of pathogen type based on host response patterns in meningitis.
    1. Neuroscience

    IGF-1 facilitates extinction of conditioned fear

    Laura E Maglio et al.
    Insulin-like growth factor-1 activates the prefrontal cortex and improves the extinction of aversive memories.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Action detection using a neural network elucidates the genetics of mouse grooming behavior

    Brian Q Geuther et al.
    A machine learning method for action detection is developed and applied toward mouse grooming behavior.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mapping the functional landscape of the receptor binding domain of T7 bacteriophage by deep mutational scanning

    Phil Huss et al.
    An unbiased mutational screen decodes the molecular basis of phage receptor interactions, identifies key functional regions determining activity and host range, and demonstrates the potential for engineering therapeutic phages.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Medicine

    Cardiovascular disease risk factors induce mesenchymal features and senescence in mouse cardiac endothelial cells

    Karthik Amudhala Hemanthakumar et al.
    Endothelial dysfunction due to cardiovascular disease risk factors explained by cardiac endothelial cell transcriptome remodelling.
    1. Ecology

    Relative demographic susceptibility does not explain the extinction chronology of Sahul’s megafauna

    Corey JA Bradshaw et al.
    There is no relationship between the demographic susceptibility to extinction and the estimated extinction chronology among Sahul’s megafauna, suggesting that human choices, a species’ ecological requirements, and/or random climate variation instead determined the extinction chronology.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Converting endogenous genes of the malaria mosquito into simple non-autonomous gene drives for population replacement

    Astrid Hoermann et al.
    Minimal genetic modifications of endogenous mosquito genes allow the tissue-specific expression of anti-malarial effectors and convert them into efficient non-autonomous gene drives.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cell competition removes segmental aneuploid cells from Drosophila imaginal disc-derived tissues based on ribosomal protein gene dose

    Zhejun Ji et al.
    Cell competition is an important mechanism selecting against aneuploid cells.