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    1. Neuroscience

    Visual attention modulates the integration of goal-relevant evidence and not value

    Pradyumna Sepulveda et al.
    Visual attention modulates the integration of the evidence that is most useful for achieving a goal in both perceptual and value-based decisions.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
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    Meta-Research: Releasing a preprint is associated with more attention and citations for the peer-reviewed article

    Darwin Y Fu, Jacob J Hughey
    An analysis of more than 70,000 journal articles, including 5405 that were first released as a preprint on bioRxiv, shows that articles with a preprint received 49% more attention and 36% more citations than articles without one.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anterior insular cortex plays a critical role in interoceptive attention

    Xingchao Wang et al.
    Anterior insular cortex activity predicts how well we attend to our bodily signals, while lesions to this brain region disrupt this ability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Individual differences in selective attention predict speech identification at a cocktail party

    Daniel Oberfeld, Felicitas Klöckner-Nowotny
    Cocktail-party listening performance in normal-hearing listeners is associated with the ability to focus attention on a target stimulus in the presence of distractors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Covert shift of attention modulates the value encoding in the orbitofrontal cortex

    Yang Xie et al.
    The orbitofrontal neurons only encode the value of one item, which may be selected by covert attention combining factors of value and visual salience, suggesting a sequential processing mechanism of value information in the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    The human auditory brainstem response to running speech reveals a subcortical mechanism for selective attention

    Antonio Elia Forte et al.
    Selective attention to one of two speakers consistently modulates the response of the human auditory brainstem to each speaker's pitch.
    1. Neuroscience

    The SSVEP tracks attention, not consciousness, during perceptual filling-in

    Matthew J Davidson et al.
    The strength of frequency-tagged neural activity during perceptual filling anti-correlates with the contents of consciousness, yet positively correlates with a neural measure of attention, dissociating these often confounded brain processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attention operates uniformly throughout the classical receptive field and the surround

    Bram-Ernst Verhoef, John HR Maunsell
    A spatially-tuned normalization model accounts for neuronal responses to attended or unattended stimuli that are presented inside the classical receptive field or the surround, and explains various other observations.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A transmission-virulence evolutionary trade-off explains attenuation of HIV-1 in Uganda

    François Blanquart et al.
    Analysis of epidemiological data reveals that viral loads in newly HIV-1 infected individuals in Uganda have declined for two decades, and evolutionary modelling shows that attenuation of the virus explains this decline.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory cortical alpha/beta desynchronization prioritizes the representation of memory items during a retention period

    Nathan Weisz et al.
    Top-down mediated decreases of beta activity in auditory cortex prior to a predictable distractor in an auditory working memory task is associated with increased representation of to-be-memorized information.