10,016 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Repeated social defeat stress enhances glutamatergic synaptic plasticity in the VTA and cocaine place conditioning

    Claire E Stelly et al.
    Enhanced glutamatergic synaptic plasticity in mesolimbic dopaminergic neurons may contribute to repeatedly stressed rats becoming more vulnerable to addiction.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Gene regulation gravitates toward either addition or multiplication when combining the effects of two signals

    Eric M Sanford et al.
    When two signals increase transcription of the same gene, their combined effect tends to reflect either the sum of the individual increases or the product of the individual fold-changes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Discriminative stimuli are sufficient for incubation of cocaine craving

    Rajtarun Madangopal et al.
    Stimuli signaling reward availability potentiate and control relapse for up to 300 days of abstinence following cocaine, but not food, self-administration in rats.
    1. Cancer Biology

    A powerful drug combination strategy targeting glutamine addiction for the treatment of human liver cancer

    Haojie Jin et al.
    Combination of glutaminase inhibitor CB-839 and ASCT2 inhibitor V-9302 showed efficient antitumor effect against glutamine addicted liver cancer cells via glutathione depletion and reactive oxygen species (ROS) induction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuronal integration in the adult mouse olfactory bulb is a non-selective addition process

    Jean-Claude Platel et al.
    Adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulb is not a turnover system but represents a lifelong neuronal addition mechanism.
    1. Neuroscience

    Otoferlin acts as a Ca2+ sensor for vesicle fusion and vesicle pool replenishment at auditory hair cell ribbon synapses

    Nicolas Michalski et al.
    Targeted mutations in a Ca2+-binding site of otoferlin, a transmembrane protein of synaptic vesicles defective in a recessive form of deafness, reveal its Ca2+ sensor role both for vesicle fusion and vesicle pool replenishment.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Taar1 gene variants have a causal role in methamphetamine intake and response and interact with Oprm1

    Alexandra M Stafford et al.
    The trace amine-associated receptor 1 gene has a causal role in methamphetamine intake and thermal response, and interacts with the mu-opioid receptor gene in its methamphetamine addiction-related effects.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A SoxB gene acts as an anterior gap gene and regulates posterior segment addition in a spider

    Christian Louis Bonatto Paese et al.
    Sox21b-1 regulates simultaneous formation of anterior segments and addition of posterior segments in a spider, which resembles segmentation in long- and short-germ insects, and suggests SoxB regulation of segmentation is an ancestral feature of arthropods.
    1. Neuroscience

    Left-right side-specific endocrine signaling complements neural pathways to mediate acute asymmetric effects of brain injury

    Nikolay Lukoyanov et al.
    In addition to the well-established involvement of descending neural tracts, the left-right side-specific endocrine mechanism may contribute to signaling from injured brain to spinal motor circuits.
    1. Plant Biology

    Building customizable auto-luminescent luciferase-based reporters in plants

    Arjun Khakhar et al.
    A fungal bioluminescence pathway can be reconstituted in planta to create luminescence in many plant species without external substrate addition, and be used to design customizable reporters of gene-expression.

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