410 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Abstract rules drive adaptation in the subcortical sensory pathway

    Alejandro Tabas et al.
    Representations in the subcortical sensory pathway do not only adapt to stimulus properties but also rely on the observer’s subjective model of the world.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Shared and modality-specific brain regions that mediate auditory and visual word comprehension

    Anne Keitel et al.
    The comprehension of acoustic and visual speech depends on modality-specific pathways in the brain, which explains why auditory speech abilities and lip reading are not associated in typical adults.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parallel pathways for sound processing and functional connectivity among layer 5 and 6 auditory corticofugal neurons

    Ross S Williamson, Daniel B Polley
    Targeted recordings from subcortical projection neurons in the auditory cortex reveal two cell classes with distinct signatures of sensory processing and different patterns of local and long-range connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intercollicular commissural connections refine the representation of sound frequency and level in the auditory midbrain

    Llwyd David Orton, Adrian Rees
    Deactivation of one side of the auditory midbrain while recording in the other shows that the two sides cooperate in processing frequency and in enhancing the encoding of sound level.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contextual and cross-modality modulation of auditory cortical processing through pulvinar mediated suppression

    Xiao-lin Chou et al.
    Electrophysiological recording and optogenetic manipulation approaches reveal that a multisensory bottom-up SC-LP-A1 pathway plays a role in contextual and cross-modality modulation of auditory cortical processing.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Neuroscience

    A role for descending auditory cortical projections in songbird vocal learning

    Yael Mandelblat-Cerf et al.
    Midbrain dopaminergic neurons and a cortex-like structure called the arcopallium form part of a circuit that enables young songbirds to compare their own song with a template stored in memory, and use any discrepancies to improve their performance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct forms of synaptic plasticity during ascending vs descending control of medial olivocochlear efferent neurons

    Gabriel E Romero, Laurence O Trussell
    In a fast brainstem relay controlling hearing sensitivity, descending synaptic control from midbrain provides the dominant source of excitation, due to a distinct form of synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disynaptic cerebrocerebellar pathways originating from multiple functionally distinct cortical areas

    Julia U Henschke, Janelle MP Pakan
    Anatomical projections from sensory, motor, and association cortex to the cerebellum are precisely mapped, including cortical-precerebellar connections and terminal organization, providing insight into how the cerebellum may utilize cortical information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Exposing distinct subcortical components of the auditory brainstem response evoked by continuous naturalistic speech

    Melissa J Polonenko, Ross K Maddox
    The response from discrete stages of the early auditory pathway can be measured by subtle manipulations to long-form natural speech stimuli paired with deconvolution analysis of electroencephalography data.

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