407 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Fast-spiking GABA circuit dynamics in the auditory cortex predict recovery of sensory processing following peripheral nerve damage

    Jennifer Resnik, Daniel B Polley
    Dynamic regulation of feedforward inhibition from parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons is linked to the gradual restoration of cortical sensory processing following auditory nerve damage.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contextual and cross-modality modulation of auditory cortical processing through pulvinar mediated suppression

    Xiao-lin Chou et al.
    Electrophysiological recording and optogenetic manipulation approaches reveal that a multisensory bottom-up SC-LP-A1 pathway plays a role in contextual and cross-modality modulation of auditory cortical processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parallel pathways for sound processing and functional connectivity among layer 5 and 6 auditory corticofugal neurons

    Ross S Williamson, Daniel B Polley
    Targeted recordings from subcortical projection neurons in the auditory cortex reveal two cell classes with distinct signatures of sensory processing and different patterns of local and long-range connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transformation of temporal sequences in the zebra finch auditory system

    Yoonseob Lim et al.
    Songbirds discriminate synthetic sounds composed of temporal patterns of clicks, which they transform into distinct ensemble or spatial patterns in successive stages of neural auditory processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coordinated neuronal ensembles in primary auditory cortical columns

    Jermyn Z See et al.
    Auditory cortical columns contain small subsets of neurons with highly synchronous activity (cNEs) that create robust sequences of coordinated activity suitable for enhanced information processing and signal transmission beyond the capability of individual neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Post-decision processing in primate prefrontal cortex influences subsequent choices on an auditory decision-making task

    Joji Tsunada et al.
    A behavioral model, neuronal recordings, and electrical microstimulation reveal that the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex plays a causal role in evaluating prior decisions and biasing future decisions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sound Processing: A new role for zinc in the brain

    Brendan B McAllister, Richard H Dyck
    Certain neurons in the auditory cortex release zinc to influence how the brain processes sounds.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Complementary control of sensory adaptation by two types of cortical interneurons

    Ryan G Natan et al.
    Two distinct types of inhibitory neurons increase the brain's sensitivity to unexpected acoustic signals by amplifying selective suppression of cortical responses to frequent, but not rare sounds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Context-dependent signaling of coincident auditory and visual events in primary visual cortex

    Thomas Deneux et al.
    Abrupt sounds boost coincident visual cortex responses which could help localization of sudden audio-visual events.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific gain modulation by synaptically released zinc in cortical circuits of audition

    Charles T Anderson et al.
    Synaptic zinc is a novel modulator of cortical sound processing - a modulator that increases the gain of principal neurons, but reduces the gain of interneurons.

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