48 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Psychophysics: Time is of the essence for auditory scene analysis

    Andrew R Dykstra, Alexander Gutschalk
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    1. Neuroscience

    Detecting and representing predictable structure during auditory scene analysis

    Ediz Sohoglu, Maria Chait
    Brain responses in humans demonstrate that the analysis of crowded acoustic scenes is based on a mechanism that infers the predictability of sensory information and up-regulates processing for reliable signals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Segregation of complex acoustic scenes based on temporal coherence

    Sundeep Teki et al.
    Experiments with realistic acoustic stimuli have revealed that humans distinguish salient sounds from background noise by integrating frequency and temporal information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Auditory selective attention is enhanced by a task-irrelevant temporally coherent visual stimulus in human listeners

    Ross K Maddox et al.
    Faced with multiple sources of sound, humans can better perceive all of a target sound's features when one of those features changes in time with a visual stimulus.
    1. Neuroscience

    The human auditory brainstem response to running speech reveals a subcortical mechanism for selective attention

    Antonio Elia Forte et al.
    Selective attention to one of two speakers consistently modulates the response of the human auditory brainstem to each speaker's pitch.
    1. Neuroscience

    MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders

    Adam J Harrington et al.
    Mice that lack the autism- and schizophrenia-linked gene MEF2C in cortical neurons have an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and impaired social and cognitive abilities.
    1. Neuroscience

    A predictive focus of gain modulation encodes target trajectories in insect vision

    Steven D Wiederman et al.
    Visual neurons in the dragonfly predict the path of a moving target, even when it is occluded or crosses from one eye to the other.
    1. Neuroscience

    Direct modulation of aberrant brain network connectivity through real-time NeuroFeedback

    Michal Ramot et al.
    Many disorders are characterized by underlying abnormalities in network connectivity which, though difficult to address with explicit training procedures, can be directly targeted through covert neurofeedback.
    1. Neuroscience

    Individual differences in selective attention predict speech identification at a cocktail party

    Daniel Oberfeld, Felicitas Klöckner-Nowotny
    Cocktail-party listening performance in normal-hearing listeners is associated with the ability to focus attention on a target stimulus in the presence of distractors.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Place recognition using batlike sonar

    Dieter Vanderelst et al.
    Echolocating bats may recognize locations in the environment (and navigate to them) by remembering the specific echo signature of those locations.

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