177 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Edited by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
  1. Episode 46: March 2018

    In this episode, we hear about autism, insulin resistance, Sci-Hub, coping with low levels of oxygen, and how the brain responds to blindness.
  2. Episode 50: October 2018

    In this special episode, we discuss how tiny microbes in the gut – the microbiome – can have a huge impact on the lives of animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Human Neocortical Neurosolver (HNN), a new software tool for interpreting the cellular and network origin of human MEG/EEG data

    Samuel A Neymotin et al.
    Human Neocortical Neurosolver is a new user-friendly software tool for researchers to develop and test hypotheses on cellular/circuit origins of human MEG/EEG signals using a biophysical model.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of ubiquitin ligation and lysine prioritization by a HECT E3

    Hari B Kamadurai et al.
    Structural studies reveal the mechanism by which a HECT E3 ubiquitin ligase carries out E2-to-E3-to-substrate ubiquitin transfer and prioritizes target lysines for ubiquitination.
    1. Neuroscience

    The readily-releasable pool dynamically regulates multivesicular release

    Jada H Vaden et al.
    The number of neurotransmitter vesicles released into the synaptic cleft is regulated by the size of the readily-releasable pool upstream of release probability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disordered breathing in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome

    Fu-Shan Kuo et al.
    Expression of a Dravet syndrome-associated mutation in inhibitory neurons disrupts activity of brainstem respiratory neurons and diminishes respiratory behavior in conjunction with seizures and premature death.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Inhibition of DYRK1A disrupts neural lineage specificationin human pluripotent stem cells

    Stephanie F Bellmaine et al.
    Small molecule inhibition of stem cell differentiation in vitro provides novel insight into how DYRK1A loss disrupts human nervous system development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent regulation of T-type calcium channels by submembrane calcium ions

    Magali Cazade et al.
    The feedback inhibition of T-type calcium channels by intracellular calcium provides new avenues to better decipher the roles of these low-voltage-activated channels in the fine control of calcium signaling events in physiology and pathophysiology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fast transient networks in spontaneous human brain activity

    Adam P Baker et al.
    Non-invasive MEG recordings reveal that patterns of spontaneous activity in the resting brain are shorter lived than previously thought.

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