186 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatial sampling in human visual cortex is modulated by both spatial and feature-based attention

    Daniel Marten van Es et al.
    The sampling of visual space is not only warped by attention towards locations but also depends on attended features.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corollary discharge in precerebellar nuclei of sleeping infant rats

    Didhiti Mukherjee et al.
    Infant rats distinguish between self- and other-generated movements, and they do so primarily when moving during active sleep.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rat behavior and dopamine release are modulated by conspecific distress

    Nina T Lichtenberg et al.
    Rat behavior and dopamine release are preferentially modulated by subjective rather than objective evaluation of outcomes in a social setting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reduced auditory cortical adaptation in autism spectrum disorder

    Rachel Millin et al.
    Neural adaptation in auditory cortex is reduced in autism spectrum disorder, resulting in increased neural responsiveness.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABA, not BOLD, reveals dissociable learning-dependent plasticity mechanisms in the human brain

    Polytimi Frangou et al.
    Combining GABA with fMRI measurements in the human brain uncovers distinct suppression mechanisms that optimize perceptual decisions through learning and experience-dependent plasticity in the visual cortex.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Biophysical models reveal the relative importance of transporter proteins and impermeant anions in chloride homeostasis

    Kira M Düsterwald et al.
    Mathematical models with experimental validation show that chloride transporters in the cell membrane, and not negatively charged impermeant molecules, generate the driving force used by GABA receptors to silence neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lamina-specific cortical dynamics in human visual and sensorimotor cortices

    James J Bonaiuto et al.
    Cortical oscillations in human MEG are lamina-specific, with low-frequency activity predominating in deep, and high-frequency activity in more superficial layers of sensory and motor cortices.
    1. Neuroscience

    Normal cognitive and social development require posterior cerebellar activity

    Aleksandra Badura et al.
    Social and cognitive functions require normal activity during development of the posterior cerebellum.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Induction of human somatostatin and parvalbumin neurons by expressing a single transcription factor LIM homeobox 6

    Fang Yuan et al.
    Inducing expression of a single transcription factor LIM homeobox 6 showed efficient generation of human parvalbumin and somatostatin interneurons.

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