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    1. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific gain modulation by synaptically released zinc in cortical circuits of audition

    Charles T Anderson et al.
    Synaptic zinc is a novel modulator of cortical sound processing - a modulator that increases the gain of principal neurons, but reduces the gain of interneurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Akt-mTORC1 signaling regulates Acly to integrate metabolic input to control of macrophage activation

    Anthony J Covarrubias et al.
    Interleukin 4 signaling co-opts the Akt-mTORC1-Acly pathway to couple metabolic input to the control of energetically demanding processes during macrophage M2 activation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ablation of SNX6 leads to defects in synaptic function of CA1 pyramidal neurons and spatial memory

    Yang Niu et al.
    SNX6 regulates the distribution of a protein called Homer1b/c to distal dendrites, enabling the latter to stabilize the synapses and thereby support memory formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular resolution circuit mapping with temporal-focused excitation of soma-targeted channelrhodopsin

    Christopher A Baker et al.
    Combining spatial restriction of channelrhodopsin to the neuronal cell body with two photon excitation and calcium imaging will enable production of high resolution maps of neural circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Contrasting roles for parvalbumin-expressing inhibitory neurons in two forms of adult visual cortical plasticity

    Eitan S Kaplan et al.
    Parvalbumin-containing inhibitory neurons are crucial for expression of plasticity in adult visual cortex that supports visual recognition memory, but not for expression of ocular dominance plasticity that results from monocular deprivation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Microtubules provide directional information for core PCP function

    Maja Matis et al.
    The Fat/Dachsous/Four-jointed (Ft/Ds/Fj) system provides a spatial signal to organize core PCP proteins via the polarization of microtubules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local GABA concentration is related to network-level resting functional connectivity

    Charlotte J Stagg et al.
    In the brain at rest, the degree of coordinated activity within the motor network is inversely related to levels of the inhibitory transmitter GABA in primary motor cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Two-photon imaging in mice shows striosomes and matrix have overlapping but differential reinforcement-related responses

    Bernard Bloem et al.
    Simultaneous 2-photon imaging of striosomes and matrix in mice shows that striosomes preferentially encode reward-predicting cues whereas both striatal compartments demonstrate reward-related activity.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    Ephrin-A/EphA specific co-adaptation as a novel mechanism in topographic axon guidance

    Felix Fiederling et al.
    A distinctive novel mechanism of ephrin-A/EphA signaling modulation in retinal growth cones ensures concurrent quantitative accuracy and adaptability of topographic hardwiring.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synchronous beta rhythms of frontoparietal networks support only behaviorally relevant representations

    Evan G Antzoulatos, Earl K Miller
    Beta-band oscillations in the frontoparietal network may act as a filter of relevant versus irrelevant neural representations for the ongoing cognitive task.