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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Default mode-visual network hypoconnectivity in an autism subtype with pronounced social visual engagement difficulties

    Michael V Lombardo et al.
    Functional hypoconnectivity between ‘social brain’ default mode circuitry and visual association cortex underpins a subtype of autistic toddlers with a strong preference to attend to the non-social visual world.
    1. Neuroscience

    Eco-HAB as a fully automated and ecologically relevant assessment of social impairments in mouse models of autism

    Alicja Puścian et al.
    An innovative, fully computerized approach for measuring spontaneous social behavior in mice closely follows murine ethology, eliminates crucial sources of data irreproducibility and enables fast, inexpensive assessment of sociability in group-housed subjects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sex differences in cerebellar synaptic transmission and sex-specific responses to autism-linked Gabrb3 mutations in mice

    Audrey A Mercer et al.
    Male and female mice differ in basal cerebellar physiology, including the magnitude of synaptic excitation by metabotropic glutamate receptors, kinetics of synaptic inhibition, intrinsic properties, and responses to autism-linked mutations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early alterations of social brain networks in young children with autism

    Holger Franz Sperdin et al.
    Toddlers with autism spectrum disorders have alterations in gaze patterns together with frequency specific network atypicalities between key brain areas of the social brain when freely exploring naturalistic and ecologically valid dynamic social stimuli.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Beyond protein-coding genes

    Anna Lozano-Ureña, Sacri R Ferrón
    A long non-coding RNA called lnc-NR2F1 regulates several neuronal genes, including some involved in autism and intellectual disabilities.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Autism: Exploring the social brain

    John P Welsh, Annette M Estes
    How does the brain physiology of young children with autism differ from that of typically-developing children?.
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    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Autism: Balancing excitation and inhibition in the autistic brain

    Charlotte M Pretzsch, Dorothea L Floris
    A metric called the Hurst exponent could be a useful biomarker for studies exploring brain differences between men and women with autism spectrum disorder.
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The novel lncRNA lnc-NR2F1 is pro-neurogenic and mutated in human neurodevelopmental disorders

    Cheen Euong Ang et al.
    lnc-Nr2f1, a long non-coding RNA focally deleted in autism patients, directly occupies and regulates neuronal genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shank3 modulates sleep and expression of circadian transcription factors

    Ashley M Ingiosi et al.
    Shank3, a high confidence autism gene candidate, may be a key component of the mechanisms underlying sleep problems in autism.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genetically diverse uropathogenic Escherichia coli adopt a common transcriptional program in patients with UTIs

    Anna Sintsova et al.
    Conserved transcriptomic profile of uropathogenic E. coli in patients identifies an infection-specific metabolic state.