270 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Intravital quantification reveals dynamic calcium concentration changes across B cell differentiation stages

    Carolin Ulbricht et al.
    Heterogeneity in cytoplasmic calcium concentration alongside B cell activation and differentiation is measured intravitally using an interdisciplinary imaging approach and novel numerical analysis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Development and characterization of a chronic implant mouse model for vagus nerve stimulation

    Ibrahim T Mughrabi et al.
    Long-term, dose-controlled vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is feasible in mice using a multi-lab validated implantation procedure, allowing therapeutic testing of VNS in many disease models.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    An open label trial of anakinra to prevent respiratory failure in COVID-19

    Evdoxia Kyriazopoulou et al.
    Early suPAR-guided anakinra decreases the risk for severe respiratory failure in SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia and restores the pro-/anti-inflammatory balance.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Enhancing mitochondrial activity in neurons protects against neurodegeneration in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis

    Sina C Rosenkranz et al.
    Inducing neuronal mitochondrial activity during central nervous system inflammation counteracts inflammation-induced neuronal electron transport chain deficiency and calcium toxicity, thereby protecting against neuronal loss in a multiple sclerosis mouse model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prolonging the integrated stress response enhances CNS remyelination in an inflammatory environment

    Yanan Chen et al.
    Oligodendrocytes with an enhanced ability to withstand cytotoxic stress display an increased capacity to remyelinate demyelination lesions of the CNS in the presence of an inflammatory environment.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Seroconversion stages COVID19 into distinct pathophysiological states

    Matthew D Galbraith et al.
    Stratification of COVID19 patients using quantitative metrics of seroconversion reveals distinct pathophysiological stages after SARS-CoV-2 infection, including key differences in immune cell types, inflammatory makers, and markers of organ function.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Integration of IL-2 and IL-4 signals coordinates divergent regulatory T cell responses and drives therapeutic efficacy

    Julie Y Zhou et al.
    Simultaneous cytokine signaling results in unexpected transcription factor changes that fuel a cellular response divergent from the sum of each cytokine alone.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Perinatal granulopoiesis and risk of pediatric asthma

    Benjamin A Turturice et al.
    Perinatal granulopoiesis and cord blood serum PGLYRP-1, a specific granule protein, are altered prior to onset of childhood asthma and provide potential targets for early identification of at-risk populations.

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