365 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic and environmental determinants of variation in the plasma lipidome of older Australian twins

    Matthew WK Wong et al.
    A minor subset of plasma lipids are heritable, and this is associated with gene expression of transcripts related to roles beyond lipid metabolism, including immune function and cell signalling.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Apoptotic neurodegeneration in whitefly promotes the spread of TYLCV

    Shifan Wang et al.
    A plant virus, Tomato yellow leaf curl virus, manipulates the host preference of the vector insect whitefly to promote its transmission by inducing caspase-dependent apoptotic neurodegeneration in vector's brain.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    The E2 Marie Kondo and the CTLH E3 ligase clear deposited RNA binding proteins during the maternal-to-zygotic transition

    Michael Zavortink et al.
    In fruit flies, maternally deposited RNA-binding proteins are removed during the maternal-to-zygotic transition via a mechanism of translational upregulation of Kondo, the key E2 enzyme, at egg activation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Miga-mediated endoplasmic reticulum–mitochondria contact sites regulate neuronal homeostasis

    Lingna Xu et al.
    Increasing endoplasmic reticulum (ER)–mitochondria contact sites leads to neurodegeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    3,6’-dithiopomalidomide reduces neural loss, inflammation, behavioral deficits in brain injury and microglial activation

    Chih-Tung Lin et al.
    The new drug 3,6’-dithiopomalidomide mitigates key markers of neuronal death and neuroinflammation and improves acute behavioral outcome measures in traumatic brain injury, a common, debilitating disorder that lacks effective treatment.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Changes in ferrous iron and glutathione promote ferroptosis and frailty in aging Caenorhabditis elegans

    Nicole L Jenkins et al.
    As worms age reduced glutathione together with increased ferrous iron increases frailty and leads to ferroptosis, which is amenable to therapeutic intervention.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential accumulation of storage bodies with aging defines discrete subsets of microglia in the healthy brain

    Jeremy Carlos Burns et al.
    Two novel subsets of microglia identified by their unique autofluorescence profiles differ in their subcellular organization, proteomic signatures and in their response to aging and lysosomal dysfunction.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Interaction mapping of endoplasmic reticulum ubiquitin ligases identifies modulators of innate immune signalling

    Emma J Fenech et al.
    Interaction mapping of ubiquitin ligase complexes embedded in the endoplasmic reticulum membrane has identified interactors of RNF26 that influence innate immune signalling.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane characteristics tune activities of endosomal and autophagic human VPS34 complexes

    Yohei Ohashi et al.
    The lipid kinase VPS34 complexes I and II are both activated by unsaturation of substrate and non-substrate lipids, curvature, electrostatics and polyphosphoinositides, which play roles in localisation and cellular function.

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