365 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Edited by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Glucose inhibits cardiac muscle maturation through nucleotide biosynthesis

    Haruko Nakano et al.
    During cardiogenesis, the major role of glucose is not the catabolic extraction of energy but the anabolic biosynthesis of nucleotides.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial colonization stimulates a complex physiological response in the immature human intestinal epithelium

    David R Hill et al.
    Contact with bacteria and subsequent hypoxia promotes functional maturation of the immature gastrointestinal tract.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Thyroid hormone regulates distinct paths to maturation in pigment cell lineages

    Lauren M Saunders et al.
    Single-cell transcriptomics combined with genetic analyses identify post-embryonic neural crest subpopulations and thyroid hormone dependencies in zebrafish adult pigment pattern development.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A dynamin 1-, dynamin 3- and clathrin-independent pathway of synaptic vesicle recycling mediated by bulk endocytosis

    Yumei Wu et al.
    Analysis of neurons that lack the two neuronal dynamins, dynamin 1 and 3, demonstrates a pathway of synaptic vesicle reformation that does not require these two dynamins or clathrin-dependent budding.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MARCH5 mediates NOXA-dependent MCL1 degradation driven by kinase inhibitors and integrated stress response activation

    Seiji Arai et al.
    MARCH5 mediates a pathway driving MCL1 degradation in response to cellular stress, which sensitizes to BH3 mimetic drugs targeting BCLXL and provides a broadly effective therapeutic strategy for solid tumors.
    1. Neuroscience

    A muscle-epidermis-glia signaling axis sustains synaptic specificity during allometric growth in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jiale Fan et al.
    The work uncovers a muscle-epidermis-glia signaling axis, modulated by protease mig-17 and the basement membrane, that regulates synaptic allometry during growth in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Functional cross-talk between allosteric effects of activating and inhibiting ligands underlies PKM2 regulation

    Jamie A Macpherson et al.
    Specific residues within an enzyme integrate allosteric inputs that originate from distinct ligand-binding pockets.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Micropattern differentiation of mouse pluripotent stem cells recapitulates embryo regionalized cell fate patterning

    Sophie M Morgani et al.
    Micropatterned differentiation of mouse pluripotent stem cells gives rise to regionally distinct cell types arising in embryos at gastrulation.

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