33 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct regulation of dopamine D2S and D2L autoreceptor signaling by calcium

    Stephanie C Gantz et al.
    The loss of calcium-dependent D2 autoreceptor desensitization caused by prior in vivo cocaine exposure may be conferred by an unexpected role of the D2L splice variant as an autoreceptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cocaine-induced adaptation of dopamine D2S, but not D2L autoreceptors

    Brooks G Robinson et al.
    Desensitization of the D2 autoreceptor is reduced following in vivo cocaine exposure due to plasticity in the D2S and not the D2L splice variant.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic NMDA receptors facilitate short-term plasticity and BDNF release at hippocampal mossy fiber synapses

    Pablo J Lituma et al.
    By facilitating glutamate and BDNF release, presynaptic NMDA receptors may control information transfer from the dentate gyrus to the CA3 area of the hippocampus.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The cryptic gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuronal system of human basal ganglia

    Katalin Skrapits et al.
    Neuroanatomical studies reveal presence and cholinergic phenotype of 150,000-200,000 extrahypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons in human basal ganglia and basal forebrain, and RNA-sequencing detects gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor-1 expression in cholinergic interneurons but not in spiny projection neurons of the human putamen.
    1. Neuroscience

    Separable gain control of ongoing and evoked activity in the visual cortex by serotonergic input

    Zohre Azimi et al.
    Serotonergic input to visual cortex controls ongoing and evoked activity in a separable manner via distinct receptor pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    RIM is essential for stimulated but not spontaneous somatodendritic dopamine release in the midbrain

    Brooks G Robinson et al.
    Midbrain dopamine neurons use sophisticated secretory machinery to establish specialized sites for action potential-evoked release of dopamine from their cell bodies and dendrites.
    1. Neuroscience

    High-frequency stimulation-induced peptide release synchronizes arcuate kisspeptin neurons and excites GnRH neurons

    Jian Qiu et al.
    Kisspeptin neurons in the hypothalamus release peptide and amino acid neurotransmitters that work together to coordinate the activity of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons and subsequent release of reproductive hormones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine differentially modulates the size of projection neuron ensembles in the intact and dopamine-depleted striatum

    Marta Maltese et al.
    In addition to modulating firing rates, the neurotransmitter dopamine exerts a strong influence on the overall number of neurons in striatum that are recruited during behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurotransmission: The secret life of memory receptors

    Hovy Ho-Wai Wong et al.
    The canonical hippocampal NMDA memory receptor also controls the release of the transmitter glutamate and the growth factor BDNF.
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