4,800 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic pain induces generalized enhancement of aversion

    Qiaosheng Zhang et al.
    Chronic pain distorts intensity coding in the anterior cingulate cortex to give rise to generalized anatomically nonspecific enhancement in pain aversion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopamine neurons signal aversion in a reward-context-dependent manner

    Hideyuki Matsumoto et al.
    Dopamine neurons signal value prediction errors (VPEs) integrating information about both reward and aversion, in low reward contexts, whereas VPEs in some dopamine neurons are distorted in high reward contexts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Aversive stimuli drive hypothalamus-to-habenula excitation to promote escape behavior

    Salvatore Lecca et al.
    Glutamatergic signaling from the lateral hypothalamus instructs lateral habenular neurons for encoding aversive external stimuli to subsequently guide escape behaviours.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Transient external force induces phenotypic reversion of malignant epithelial structures via nitric oxide signaling

    Benjamin L Ricca et al.
    In a 3D culture model of breast epithelium, application of a short-timescale compression to single malignant cells promotes the long-timescale development of polarized, growth-arrested structures.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Individual recognition and the ‘face inversion effect’ in medaka fish (Oryzias latipes)

    Mu-Yun Wang, Hideaki Takeuchi
    Medaka fish were able to use faces for individual recognition, and were slower to recognise inverted faces but not inverted non-face shapes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The Anopheles gambiae 2La chromosome inversion is associated with susceptibility to Plasmodium falciparum in Africa

    Michelle M Riehle et al.
    A common chromosome inversion in African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae) is associated with differences in malaria infection, adult resting behavior and ecology, and may aid the most efficient vectors to evade malaria control.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multiple interfaces between a serine recombinase and an enhancer control site-specific DNA inversion

    Meghan M McLean et al.
    The structure of the recombination complex responsible for flagellar antigen switching in Salmonella enterica, and the mechanism that regulates the site-specific DNA inversion reaction, have been determined.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibitory muscarinic acetylcholine receptors enhance aversive olfactory learning in adult Drosophila

    Noa Bielopolski et al.
    Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor type A in adult Drosophila inhibits Kenyon cells, and is required for aversive olfactory learning and learning-associated synaptic depression between Kenyon cells and their output neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Value generalization in human avoidance learning

    Agnes Norbury et al.
    Individual differences in generalization of aversive value (but not safety information) during human active avoidance learning specifically predict experience of anxiety and intrusive thoughts.
    1. Neuroscience

    DYT1 dystonia increases risk taking in humans

    David Arkadir et al.
    Patients with DYT1 dystonia show aberrant risk-aversion in a simple decision-making task, in accordance with predictions of a reinforcement learning model of corticostriatal trial-and-error learning.

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