396 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal premammillary projection to periaqueductal gray controls escape vigor from innate and conditioned threats

    Weisheng Wang et al.
    Activity in the hypothalamic dorsal premammillary nucleus predicts future escape from threat, represents escape velocity, and controls escape velocity via a projection to the brainstem.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Characterizing human mobility patterns in rural settings of sub-Saharan Africa

    Hannah R Meredith et al.
    Mobile phone data reveal aspects of human mobility patterns in Sub-Saharan Africa missed by standard spatial models however, model estimates can be improved by accounting for trip urbanicity and region.
    1. Neuroscience

    L-DOPA modulates activity in the vmPFC, nucleus accumbens, and VTA during threat extinction learning in humans

    Roland Esser et al.
    Encoding an expected, but absent, threat is modulated by dopaminergic neurotransmission that regulates success of extinction learning in humans.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal calmodulin levels are controlled by CAMTA transcription factors

    Thanh Thi Vuong-Brender et al.
    CAMTA transcription factors are evolutionarily conserved regulators of neuronal levels of the major Ca2+ sensor calmodulin.
    1. Neuroscience

    An hourglass circuit motif transforms a motor program via subcellularly localized muscle calcium signaling and contraction

    Steven R Sando et al.
    By driving the localized contraction of subcellular muscle regions, a single motor neuron reverses the flow of material in the Caenorhabditis elegans pharynx, a neuromuscular pump, converting feeding into spitting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multiple neuronal networks coordinate Hydra mechanosensory behavior

    Krishna N Badhiwala et al.
    Despite lacking traditional ganglia or centralization, the Hydra nervous system computes sensorimotor responses via localized neuron ensembles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Information flow, cell types and stereotypy in a full olfactory connectome

    Philipp Schlegel et al.
    Synaptic resolution analysis of a full olfactory connectome reveals lateralised circuits, convergence of innate and learned pathways, and shows that homologous neurons are highly stereotyped within and across brains.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Miro1-dependent mitochondrial dynamics in parvalbumin interneurons

    Georgina Kontou et al.
    Cell imaging and electrophysiology in the mouse hippocampus reveal a crucial role for the spatiotemporal regulation of mitochondrial dynamics in PV+ interneurons on cell morphology, network activity, and behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Insula to mPFC reciprocal connectivity differentially underlies novel taste neophobic response and learning in mice

    Haneen Kayyal et al.
    aIC to mPFC connections are correlative and necessary both for taste novelty behavior and learning while the reciprocal connection from mPFC to aIC is correlative and necessary for novelty behavior.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Relationship between changing malaria burden and low birth weight in sub-Saharan Africa: A difference-in-differences study via a pair-of-pairs approach

    Siyu Heng et al.
    A novel pair-of-pairs matching approach finds that community-level reductions in malaria burden can potentially substantially reduce the low birth weight rate in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly among firstborns.

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