247 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Comprehensive mapping of adaptation of the avian influenza polymerase protein PB2 to humans

    YQ Shirleen Soh et al.
    Complete mapping of human-adaptive mutations to the avian influenza PB2 protein shows how selection at key molecular interfaces combines with evolutionary accessibility to shape viral host adaptation.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Global mapping of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and H5Nx clade 2.3.4.4 viruses with spatial cross-validation

    Madhur S Dhingra et al.
    The global suitability for avian flu H5N1 in poultry is predicted and spatially cross-validated, highlighting areas where the disease can spread in the absence of prevention and control, and represent a public health threat.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Poultry farmer response to disease outbreaks in smallholder farming systems in southern Vietnam

    Alexis Delabouglise et al.
    Longitudinal monitoring of poultry farms in southern Vietnam reveals that when outbreaks occur with symptoms similar to highly pathogenic avian influenza, farmers respond by sending their chickens to market early.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Species specific differences in use of ANP32 proteins by influenza A virus

    Jason S Long et al.
    Chicken ANP32A, and not chicken ANP32B, supports influenza polymerase activity and thus editing of this single gene may generate chickens that are resilient to influenza virus infection.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping influenza transmission in the ferret model to transmission in humans

    Michael G Buhnerkempe et al.
    Influenza transmission among ferrets correlates strongly with transmission among humans, so the ferret model for influenza transmission is a valid tool for pandemic potential in humans.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Improving pandemic influenza risk assessment

    Colin A Russell et al.
    Predicting the pandemic potential of influenza viruses from genetic sequence data could transform pandemic risk assessment but progress towards this goal will require the integration of experimental work, computational tools, and virus surveillance.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals

    Allison J Shultz, Timothy B Sackton
    Pathogens, particularly viruses, target the same genes over deep evolutionary time, resulting in shared signatures of positive selection and transcriptional responses at the same genes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Origins of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic in swine in Mexico

    Ignacio Mena et al.
    Genome sequence data from 58 Mexican swine influenza A viruses resolves the spatial origin of the virus that originated the influenza pandemic of 2009.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Convergence between the microcosms of Southeast Asian and North American pitcher plants

    Leonora S Bittleston et al.
    Host characteristics drive the assembly of similar communities within the convergently evolved and geographically distant pitcher ecosystems of carnivorous pitcher plants.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The global antigenic diversity of swine influenza A viruses

    Nicola S Lewis et al.
    Swine populations worldwide are sporadically infected by influenza viruses from humans and birds leading to geographically heterogeneous swine influenza virus populations that pose epizootic and pandemic threats.

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