390 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Amygdala-ventral striatum circuit activation decreases long-term fear

    Susana S Correia et al.
    Behavior- or optogenetic-driven activation of a basolateral amygdala projection to the nucleus accumbens enhances infralimbic cortex activity and long-term fear extinction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corticothalamic gating of population auditory thalamocortical transmission in mouse

    Baher A Ibrahim et al.
    Sensory stimulation produces stochastic population responses in the cortex that are governed by layer 6 cortico-reticular projections that modulate thalamic synchrony.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneuron-specific gamma synchronization indexes cue uncertainty and prediction errors in lateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex

    Kianoush Banaie Boroujeni et al.
    A fast spiking interneuron sub-type in medial and lateral prefrontal cortex fires and gamma-synchronizes prominently during adaptive learning of reward values when outcomes are uncertain and choice options have similar values.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transitioning between preparatory and precisely sequenced neuronal activity in production of a skilled behavior

    Vamsi K Daliparthi et al.
    Precisely sequenced patterns of neuronal activity associated with the production of a skilled behavior begin and end as part of orchestrated activity across functionally diverse populations of cortical premotor neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin-expressing parafacial neurons are CO2/H+ sensitive and regulate baseline breathing

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Cellular and chemogenetic approaches identify a novel mode of chemotransduction involving regulation of basal breathing by CO2/H+-dependent disinhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Basal ganglia output reflects internally-specified movements

    Mario J Lintz, Gidon Felsen
    The basal ganglia may preferentially influence movements based on internal goals rather than those guided by external stimuli.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synchronous activity patterns in the dentate gyrus during immobility

    Martin Pofahl et al.
    Two-photon in vivo calcium imaging reveals short time-scale, synchronous and sparse population activity in dentate gyrus that replays place-related information, and is important for formation of dentate-dependent spatial memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neurons drive fear extinction learning by signaling the omission of expected aversive outcomes

    Ximena I Salinas-Hern√°ndez et al.
    Dopamine signaling is necessary for normal fear extinction learning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular nucleus induces fast and local modulation of arousal state

    Laura D Lewis et al.
    A neural circuit that can selectively induce sleep-like patterns in small regions of the brain demonstrates how sleep and arousal states may be controlled in local brain regions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical electrophysiology for probing function and pharmacology of voltage-gated ion channels

    Hongkang Zhang et al.
    Optogenetic tools enable sophisticated measurements of a voltage-gated sodium channel implicated in pain, as well as high-throughput screening of candidate channel blockers.

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