963 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Prognostication of chronic disorders of consciousness using brain functional networks and clinical characteristics

    Ming Song et al.
    Behavioral, pharmacological, optogenetic, electrophysiological and computational analyses suggest that the anterior dorsal striatum is a causal node in the network responsible for evidence accumulation.
    1. Ecology

    Experimental evaluation of the importance of colonization history in early-life gut microbiota assembly

    Inés Martínez et al.
    Experiments in ex-germ-free mice establish a measurable effect of colonization history on gut microbiota assembly, illuminating a potential cause for the high levels of unexplained individuality in host-associated microbial communities.
    1. Neuroscience

    Conditioning sharpens the spatial representation of rewarded stimuli in mouse primary visual cortex

    Pieter M Goltstein et al.
    Stimulus-reward learning sharpens the local representation of the visual space while leaving the overall retinotopic map intact.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Re-evaluation of neuronal P2X7 expression using novel mouse models and a P2X7-specific nanobody

    Karina Kaczmarek-Hajek et al.
    A novel BAC transgenic mouse model reveals glial restriction of P2X7 expression in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
    1. Neuroscience

    Revealing a novel nociceptive network that links the subthalamic nucleus to pain processing

    Arnaud Pautrat et al.
    The subthalamic nucleus is linked to a nociceptive network and involved in nociceptive processing and perception.
    1. Neuroscience

    BDNF-TrkB signaling in oxytocin neurons contributes to maternal behavior

    Kristen R Maynard et al.
    Brain-derived neurotrophic factor signaling plays a causal role in female-typical social behavior and modulates oxytocin neuron gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    In vivo detection of optically-evoked opioid peptide release

    Ream Al-Hasani et al.
    In vivo detection of optically evoked endogenous opioid peptides reveals anatomically distinct release profiles.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Six domesticated PiggyBac transposases together carry out programmed DNA elimination in Paramecium

    Julien Bischerour et al.
    The machinery that carries out programmed DNA rearrangements is composed of domesticated transposases. One is catalytically active, five play architectural function essential for the accuracy of the process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intrinsically regulated learning is modulated by synaptic dopamine signaling

    Pablo Ripollés et al.
    Dopamine modulates behavioral measures of learning and pleasantness in a learning task guided by intrinsic reward, inducing long-term memory benefits specially in those participants with a high sensitivity to reward.
    1. Ecology

    Strong biomechanical relationships bias the tempo and mode of morphological evolution

    Martha M Muñoz et al.
    The rules of biomechanics consistently influence the tempo (rate) and mode (pattern) of evolution across four-bar linkage systems in animals.

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