900 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Uncovering temporal structure in hippocampal output patterns

    Kourosh Maboudi et al.
    Machine learning models of coordinated hippocampal ensemble activity during sharp wave ripple activity encode structure that mirrors the place cell map expressed during exploration, and enable a new paradigm for analyzing and understanding this offline activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Independent evolution of functionally exchangeable mitochondrial outer membrane import complexes

    Daniela G Vitali et al.
    The convergent evolution of yeast Mim1/2 and trypanosomal pATOM36 enable the first demonstration of reciprocal functional rescue of two evolutionary unrelated mitochondrial biogenesis complexes belonging to two different eukaryotic supergroups.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal action-value neurons reconsidered

    Lotem Elber-Dorozko, Yonatan Loewenstein
    The numerous reports in support of action-value representation in the striatum are based on statistical analyses that are subject to two critical confounds and, thus, this long-held belief of striatal action-value representation should be retested using different experiments and analyses.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Current CRISPR gene drive systems are likely to be highly invasive in wild populations

    Charleston Noble et al.
    If released in the wild, current CRISPR-based gene drive systems designed to alter populations could spread much farther than intended, despite the evolution of drive resistance.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Asymmetric activation mechanism of a homodimeric red light-regulated photoreceptor

    Geoffrey Gourinchas et al.
    Molecular insights to phytochrome activation and signal transduction over long distances enable the allosteric regulation of enzymatic effectors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Developmental deprivation-induced perceptual and cortical processing deficits in awake-behaving animals

    Justin D Yao, Dan H Sanes
    Developmental hearing loss causes perceptual deficits that are best explained by degraded auditory cortical encoding that is recorded during task performance.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: Competency-based assessment for the training of PhD students and early-career scientists

    Michael F Verderame et al.
    A method to assess the training of scientists, based on a set of 10 core competencies, is proposed.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumor-derived CSF-1 induces the NKG2D ligand RAE-1δ on tumor-infiltrating macrophages

    Thornton W Thompson et al.
    Macrophages respond to elevated levels of CSF-1 in tumor micro-environments by expressing a ligand for the NKG2D immunoreceptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeted cortical reorganization using optogenetics in non-human primates

    Azadeh Yazdan-Shahmorad et al.
    Focal optogenetic stimulation strengthens functional connectivity between primary somatosensory and motor cortices in macaques, in a manner consistent with a Hebbian model of stimulus-driven plasticity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of a TRPM2 channel in complex with Ca2+ explains unique gating regulation

    Zhe Zhang et al.
    The 3Å structure and correlated functional analysis of the TRPM2 cation channel from Nematostella vectensis shed light on the molecular mechanisms of TRPM2 regulation by intra- and extracellular Ca2+, and of inactivation of human TRPM2.

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