2,173 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary dynamics of circular RNAs in primates

    Gabriela Santos-Rodriguez et al.
    An analysis of the genomic features that distinguish conserved from species-specific circular RNAs reveals that the expansion of the downstream intron by insertion of retrotransposons stabilizes circular RNAs' production across 30+ millions years of evolution.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Circular RNA repertoires are associated with evolutionarily young transposable elements

    Franziska Gruhl et al.
    Evolutionary analyses suggest that most mammalian circRNAs did not emerge from common ancestral circRNA precursors, arguing against widespread functional conservation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    An XRCC4 mutant mouse, a model for human X4 syndrome, reveals interplays with Xlf, PAXX, and ATM in lymphoid development

    Benoit Roch et al.
    A viable separation of function XRCC4 knock-in mutant mouse model recapitulates some aspects of XRCC4 deficiency in humans, notably the absence of immune deficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM7 is critical for short-term synaptic depression by regulating synaptic vesicle endocytosis

    Zhong-Jiao Jiang et al.
    Electrophysiological and live-cell imaging analyses identify a presynaptic function of Ca2+ influx via transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cell adhesion molecule Sdk1 shapes assembly of a retinal circuit that detects localized edges

    Pierre-Luc Rochon et al.
    A novel retinal ganglion cell requires a cell adhesion molecule to grow its dendrites, collect synaptic inputs, and become selective to edges placed in its receptive field.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The LRRK2 G2019S mutation alters astrocyte-to-neuron communication via extracellular vesicles and induces neuron atrophy in a human iPSC-derived model of Parkinson’s disease

    Aurelie de Rus Jacquet et al.
    Extracellular vesicles are proposed as novel, non-cell-autonomous mediators of neuronal atrophy in Parkinson's disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    MACF1 controls skeletal muscle function through the microtubule-dependent localization of extra-synaptic myonuclei and mitochondria biogenesis

    Alireza Ghasemizadeh et al.
    Maintenance of peripheral myonuclei patterning in skeletal myofibers is dependent on the regulation of microtubules dynamic and nuclei motion and is essential for proper neuromuscular junction integrity and mitochondria homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct population code for movement kinematics and changes of ongoing movements in human subthalamic nucleus

    Dennis London et al.
    Subthalamic nucleus spiking activity, beta oscillation power, and locking of spikes to the beta oscillation are decreased prior to changes in ongoing movements.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent modulation of synapse-regulating genes in astrocytes

    Isabella Farhy-Tselnicker et al.
    RNA sequencing and genetic mouse models reveal that transcriptional changes to astrocytes in the developing cortex are not intrinsic but influenced by their environment and determine that expression of astrocyte synapse-regulating genes and neuronal synaptogenesis is modulated by ongoing astrocyte-neuron communication.
    1. Developmental Biology

    End-of-life targeted degradation of DAF-2 insulin/IGF-1 receptor promotes longevity free from growth-related pathologies

    Richard Venz et al.
    Inducible degradation of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor shows that a doubling in lifespan is possible even at extremely old ages in an organism.

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