295 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Efa6 protects axons and regulates their growth and branching by inhibiting microtubule polymerisation at the cortex

    Yue Qu et al.
    The cortical collapse factor Efa6 limits axon growth and branching and maintains axonal microtubule bundle integrity by inhibiting microtubule polymerisation at the cell cortex.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    MAP7 regulates axon morphogenesis by recruiting kinesin-1 to microtubules and modulating organelle transport

    Stephen R Tymanskyj et al.
    An under-studied microtubule-associated protein is found to regulate axon growth and branching by modulating microtubule-based organelle transport through its dual interactions with microtubules and the conventional kinesin motor.
    1. Neuroscience

    Deletion of a kinesin I motor unmasks a mechanism of homeostatic branching control by neurotrophin-3

    Thomas O Auer et al.
    Disrupting synapse formation between the retina and the brain in zebrafish larvae-by eliminating the molecular motor Kif5A-triggers a compensatory increase in the branching of retinal axons aimed at restoring synapse number.
    1. Neuroscience

    Regulation of branching dynamics by axon-intrinsic asymmetries in Tyrosine Kinase Receptor signaling

    Marlen Zschätzsch et al.
    Asymmetric localization of the receptor EGFR within branches of axons is required to establish the precise wiring of neuronal networks within the Drosophila brain.
    1. Developmental Biology

    VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling regulates hippocampal axon branching during development

    Robert Luck et al.
    Hippocampal axon branching, required for the formation of functional neuronal networks, is regulated by VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling during development.
    1. Neuroscience

    A conserved morphogenetic mechanism for epidermal ensheathment of nociceptive sensory neurites

    Nan Jiang et al.
    Epidermal cells in vertebrates and invertebrates ensheath portions of somatosensory neurons via a conserved morphogenetic mechanism, and this ensheathment regulates morphogenesis and function of Drosophila nociceptive neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic specification of left–right asymmetry in the diaphragm muscles and their motor innervation

    Camille Charoy et al.
    Analysis of embryonic mouse diaphragm reveals muscle and nerve left–right asymmetries set by a Nodal-dependent genetic cascade, which imprints different molecular signatures to left and right motoneurons that shape their innervation pattern.
    1. Neuroscience

    A mathematical model explains saturating axon guidance responses to molecular gradients

    Huyen Nguyen et al.
    Mathematical modelling explains why molecular gradients sometimes cause axons to only turn weakly.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Orchestration of microtubules and the actin cytoskeleton in trichome cell shape determination by a plant-unique kinesin

    Juan Tian et al.
    Kinesin-like calmodulin-binding protein integrates microtubules and F-actin to assemble the cytoskeletal configuration needed for trichome formation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Lmx1b is required at multiple stages to build expansive serotonergic axon architectures

    Lauren J Donovan et al.
    A continuously expressed LIM HD factor, Lmx1b, acts at successive stages to orchestrate the progressive morphological maturation of a long-range profusely arborized neuromodulatory axonal projection pathway.

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