468 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel Drosophila injury model reveals severed axons are cleared through a Draper/MMP-1 signaling cascade

    Maria D Purice et al.
    An unbiased transcriptional profiling screen reveals the secreted matrix metalloproteinase MMP-1 is a transcriptional target of the ensheathing glial receptor Draper following acute axon injury in adult Drosophila.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Axon injury triggers EFA-6 mediated destabilization of axonal microtubules via TACC and doublecortin like kinase

    Lizhen Chen et al.
    Severing axons in C. elegans reveals a mechanism by which the axons sense acute damage and respond by sequential remodeling of their microtubule cytoskeleton.
    1. Neuroscience

    Axon-dependent expression of YAP/TAZ mediates Schwann cell remyelination but not proliferation after nerve injury

    Matthew Grove et al.
    YAP and TAZ, potent concoproteins and therapeutic targets in cancer therapy, are essential for Schwann cells to support peripheral nerve regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered potassium channel distribution and composition in myelinated axons suppresses hyperexcitability following injury

    Margarita Calvo et al.
    Type 1 potassium channels alter their composition and localisation to suppress hyper-excitability and neuropathic pain of injured sensory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Analysis of the immune response to sciatic nerve injury identifies efferocytosis as a key mechanism of nerve debridement

    Ashley L Kalinski et al.
    In the injured sciatic nerve, blood-derived monocytes and macrophages eat dying leukocytes, thereby contributing to nerve debridement and inflammation resolution, and this correlates with neuronal regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    GSK3β regulates AKT-induced central nervous system axon regeneration via an eIF2Bε-dependent, mTORC1-independent pathway

    Xinzheng Guo et al.
    The AKT-GSK3β-eIF2Bε signaling module plays a key role in promoting axon regeneration in the adult mammalian central nervous system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microtubule-dependent ribosome localization in C. elegans neurons

    Kentaro Noma et al.
    The utility of split GFP for tissue-specific visualization of ribosomes in live Caenorhabditis elegans demonstrates the link between ribosomes and microtubules.
    1. Neuroscience

    CELF RNA binding proteins promote axon regeneration in C. elegans and mammals through alternative splicing of Syntaxins

    Lizhen Chen et al.
    Genetics and genomics approaches reveal a conserved post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism that promotes adult axon regeneration from worm to mammals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibiting poly(ADP-ribosylation) improves axon regeneration

    Alexandra B Byrne et al.
    In C. elegans and mouse neurons, the balance between poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolases and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases regulates axon regeneration downstream of DLK-1/MAPKKK signaling.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific exon methylation and CTCF binding in neurons regulate calcium ion channel splicing and function

    Eduardo Javier López Soto, Diane Lipscombe
    Cell-specific alternative splicing of the synaptic calcium channel gene Cacna1b is controlled by exon hypomethylation and CTCF binding and is disrupted following nerve injury.

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