320 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transpeptidase PBP2 governs initial localization and activity of the major cell-wall synthesis machinery in E. coli

    Gizem Özbaykal et al.
    For initiation of cell-wall insertion, the cross-linking enzyme PBP2 stably binds to a component of the cell envelope that is different from MreB filaments.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Cerebellar folding is initiated by mechanical constraints on a fluid-like layer without a cellular pre-pattern

    Andrew K Lawton et al.
    A multi-phase wrinkling model accounts for the radial and circumferential tension and differential expansion between a uniformly proliferating outer fluid-like layer and an incompressible core that together drive cerebellar folding.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cyclin-dependent kinase control of motile ciliogenesis

    Eszter K Vladar et al.
    Cyclin-dependentkinase 2 (Cdk2), the master regulator of S phase events during the cell cycle, controls the earliest step in the motile ciliogenesis pathway in quiescent multiciliatedairway epithelial cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurexin directs partner-specific synaptic connectivity in C. elegans

    Alison Philbrook et al.
    Investigation of synapse development using a single neuron system illuminates how individual neurons specify connectivity with their postsynaptic partners and the central role of the synaptic organizer neurexin in this process.
    1. Cell Biology

    Brain-specific Drp1 regulates postsynaptic endocytosis and dendrite formation independently of mitochondrial division

    Kie Itoh et al.
    Genetic and cell biological analyses reveal a new role of Drp1 in postsynaptic endocytosis during brain development beyond mitochondrial division GTPase.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pioneer neurog1 expressing cells ingress into the otic epithelium and instruct neuronal specification

    Esteban Hoijman et al.
    Quantitative 4D image analysis identifies a group of cells which enter into the otic primordium during morphogenesis and instructs neuronal specification.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Filamin, a synaptic organizer in Drosophila, determines glutamate receptor composition and membrane growth

    GaYoung Lee, Thomas L Schwarz
    Filamin, by recruiting a signaling complex to the postsynapse, orchestrates the correct formation and growth of postsynaptic membranes and localization of glutamate receptor subunits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dysregulated Dscam levels act through Abelson tyrosine kinase to enlarge presynaptic arbors

    Gabriella R Sterne et al.
    Targeting Abelson kinase can be beneficial for treating disorders characterized by dysregulated Down Syndrome Cell Adhesion Molecule signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Cytoplasmic dynein crosslinks and slides anti-parallel microtubules using its two motor domains

    Marvin E Tanenbaum et al.
    The motor domains of dynein are sufficient to crosslink microtubules and slide them antiparallel to each other.

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