132 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Systematic studies of all PIH proteins in zebrafish reveal their distinct roles in axonemal dynein assembly

    Hiroshi Yamaguchi et al.
    Zebrafish genetics and cryo-electron tomography reveal distinct roles of all vertebrate PIH family proteins in axonemal dynein assembly and cilia/flagella motions, assigning specific dynein subtypes to each PIH protein.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cryo electron tomography with volta phase plate reveals novel structural foundations of the 96-nm axonemal repeat in the pathogen Trypanosoma brucei

    Simon Imhof et al.
    Cryo electron tomography provides the first high-resolution 3D axoneme structure from any pathogenic organism, revealing novel structures that support the unique motility of these pathogens through host tissues.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    The biomechanical role of extra-axonemal structures in shaping the flagellar beat of Euglena gracilis

    Giancarlo Cicconofri et al.
    The 'spinning lasso' geometry of Euglena's beating flagellum is revealed, and a model based on the antagonistic forces exchanged by axoneme and paraflagellar rod is proposed to explain its emergence.
    1. Cell Biology

    Functional partitioning of a liquid-like organelle during assembly of axonemal dyneins

    Chanjae Lee et al.
    DynAPs are liquid-like organelles that are partitioned into functional sub-domains.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    ZMYND10 functions in a chaperone relay during axonemal dynein assembly

    Girish R Mali et al.
    Chaperoning defects in axonemal dynein subunits trigger proteostatic clearance of dynein motors opening up the possibility of trialling proteostasis modulators to treat the motile ciliopathy primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD).
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM of dynein microtubule-binding domains shows how an axonemal dynein distorts the microtubule

    Samuel E Lacey et al.
    Relion was used to solve structures of microtubules decorated with dynein microtubule-binding domains revealing that an axonemal dynein distorts the microtubule cross-sectional curvature.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modes of flagellar assembly in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Trypanosoma brucei

    Johanna L Höög et al.
    Comparative electron tomography of growing flagellar tips reveals that axonemal growth differs between short and long flagella, and between species.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Flagellar energetics from high-resolution imaging of beating patterns in tethered mouse sperm

    Ashwin Nandagiri et al.
    Calculations of flagellar energetics from beating patterns in sperm reveal that internal dissipation by dynein motors and other passive structures within the flagellum significantly exceeds external hydrodynamic dissipation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Dynein-2 intermediate chains play crucial but distinct roles in primary cilia formation and function

    Laura Vuolo et al.
    Genetic knock-outs of the dynein-2 intermediate chains reveals that both are essential for correct cilia function and transition zone organization, but play different functions in the assembly of dynein-2 motor and in primary cilia formation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Centriolar remodeling underlies basal body maturation during ciliogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Inna V Nechipurenko et al.
    Building on previous work (Doroquez et al., 2014), it is shown that the centriole core of the basal body degenerates, but the outer wall remodels to template the ciliary axoneme in a subset of C. elegans ciliated sensory neurons.

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