2,287 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noninvasive quantification of axon radii using diffusion MRI

    Jelle Veraart et al.
    Cell-specific architectural properties such as the axon diameter of the white matter of the human brain can be quantified accurately and non-invasively using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Structural plasticity of actin-spectrin membrane skeleton and functional role of actin and spectrin in axon degeneration

    Guiping Wang et al.
    Neurotrophin deprivation leads to rapid caspase-independent disassembly of the actin-spectrin-based membrane skeleton and spectrin-dependent retrograde signaling in axon degeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide dynamics of Pol II elongation and its interplay with promoter proximal pausing, chromatin, and exons

    Iris Jonkers et al.
    The elongation rate of RNA Polymerase II varies greatly between and along genes, as this enzyme accelerates from stable pausing to rapid elongation within genes, and is influenced by CG-content, exons and chromatin.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    NOVA regulates Dcc alternative splicing during neuronal migration and axon guidance in the spinal cord

    Janelle C Leggere et al.
    Alternative splicing of the Dcc gene, which is controlled by the NOVA RNA-binding proteins, is crucial during neuronal migration and axon guidance.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Robo2 acts in trans to inhibit Slit-Robo1 repulsion in pre-crossing commissural axons

    Timothy A Evans et al.
    The Roundabout2 receptor acts non-autonomously to promote commissural axons to cross the midline by antagonizing Slit-dependent axon repulsion.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibiting poly(ADP-ribosylation) improves axon regeneration

    Alexandra B Byrne et al.
    In C. elegans and mouse neurons, the balance between poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolases and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases regulates axon regeneration downstream of DLK-1/MAPKKK signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    mTORC1 is necessary but mTORC2 and GSK3β are inhibitory for AKT3-induced axon regeneration in the central nervous system

    Linqing Miao et al.
    The kinase AKT acts as a nodal point that coordinates both positive and negative cues to regulate the regeneration of central nervous system axons in adult mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    GSK3β regulates AKT-induced central nervous system axon regeneration via an eIF2Bε-dependent, mTORC1-independent pathway

    Xinzheng Guo et al.
    The AKT-GSK3β-eIF2Bε signaling module plays a key role in promoting axon regeneration in the adult mammalian central nervous system.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Developmental mechanism of the periodic membrane skeleton in axons

    Guisheng Zhong et al.
    Super-resolution imaging reveals how the skeleton that supports the outer membrane of axons is assembled during development, and provides an explanation for why this structure preferentially forms in axons but rarely in dendrites.

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