1,406 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Anterior CNS expansion driven by brain transcription factors

    Jesús Rodriguez Curt et al.
    The expansion of the anterior Drosophila CNS is driven by increased progenitor generation and prolonged proliferation, mediated by brain-restricted genes and the PRC2.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Fetal and trophoblast PI3K p110α have distinct roles in regulating resource supply to the growing fetus in mice

    Jorge López-Tello et al.
    Fetus and trophoblast interplay to regulate fetal nutrient supply and, ultimately, affect healthy growth.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Expression of WIPI2B counteracts age-related decline in autophagosome biogenesis in neurons

    Andrea KH Stavoe et al.
    The dynamic phosphorylation of autophagy component WIPI2B is critical to maintain autophagosome biogenesis in neurons, and ectopic expression of WIPI2B can restore rates of autophagosome biogenesis in aged neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vasoactive intestinal peptide-expressing interneurons are impaired in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome

    Kevin M Goff, Ethan M Goldberg
    Vasoactive intestinal peptide-expressing GABAergic interneurons in cerebral cortex express the sodium channel subunit Nav1.1, and a defined subset of VIP interneurons are dysfunctional in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The genomes of polyextremophilic cyanidiales contain 1% horizontally transferred genes with diverse adaptive functions

    Alessandro W Rossoni et al.
    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) analysis in polyextremophile red algae (Cyanidiales) provides explanations for the nonexistence of cumulative effects and eukaryotic pangenomes, and highlights differences between HGT and native genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sonic hedgehog signaling in astrocytes mediates cell type-specific synaptic organization

    Steven A Hill et al.
    Astrocytes modulate synaptic remodeling of developing circuits in a cell type-specific manner, with long lasting deficits in synaptic plasticity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Defective AMH signaling disrupts GnRH neuron development and function and contributes to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

    Samuel Andrew Malone et al.
    Mouse in vivo and in vitro analysis and human genetic screening highlight the role of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) signaling in GnRH neuronal development and function, and identify mutations in AMH and AMHR2 in CHH patients.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Identification of RBPMS as a mammalian smooth muscle master splicing regulator via proximity of its gene with super-enhancers

    Erick E Nakagaki-Silva et al.
    By focusing on RNA-binding proteins whose genes have super enhancers in smooth muscle cells, the protein RBPMS was identified as an alternative splicing master regulator.
    1. Neuroscience

    Exercise-induced enhancement of synaptic function triggered by the inverse BAR protein, Mtss1L

    Christina Chatzi et al.
    Single episodes of voluntary exercise induced a functional increase in hippocampal synapses mediated by activity-dependent expression of the BAR protein Mtss1L, acting as a novel early effector of synapse formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Imaging neuropeptide release at synapses with a genetically engineered reporter

    Keke Ding et al.
    A series of genetically-encoded fluorescent reporters that allow imaging of neuropeptide release in vivo, with sub-second temporal and nerve terminal-level spatial resolution are developed.

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