Mechanical interactions between bacterial species with different motility characteristics play an important role in spatial-temporal dynamics of multi-species bacterial colonies and can lead to formation of complex patterns.
A combination of structural, biochemical, single-molecule and in vivo methods are used to show how ParB locally condenses the bacterial chromosome near the origin and earmarks this region for segregation.
An atomic model of the bacterial chemosensory array obtained through the synthesis of cryo-electron tomography and large-scale molecular-dynamics simulations reveals a new kinase conformation during signaling events.
A 3D model captures the growth and expansion dynamics of bacterial colonies, revealing distinct effects of surface tension, mechanical forces, and nutrients on the speed of radial and vertical expansion.
Electron and atomic force microscopy show how bacterial toxins bind to a host membrane and assemble into arcs and rings, before undergoing a dramatic, concerted conformational change to insert into the membrane.