2,336 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A lung-on-chip model of early Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection reveals an essential role for alveolar epithelial cells in controlling bacterial growth

    Vivek V Thacker et al.
    Time-lapse imaging and the modular recreation of host physiology reveal that alveolar epithelial cells, potential permissive infection sites for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, can restrict early bacterial growth via surfactant secretion.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The antibiotic bedaquiline activates host macrophage innate immune resistance to bacterial infection

    Alexandre Giraud-Gatineau et al.
    The anti-tuberculosis drug bedaquiline reprograms human macrophages into potent bactericidal phagocytes, which are able to control bacterial infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A molecular portrait of maternal sepsis from Byzantine Troy

    Alison M Devault et al.
    Mineralized placental tissue from Late Byzantine Troy enables the detailed reconstruction of genomes of mixed bacterial species responsible for maternal sepsis in the ancient world.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial flagella grow through an injection-diffusion mechanism

    Thibaud T Renault et al.
    Single cell, fluorescent microscopy and mathematical modeling reveal how bacterial flagella dynamically assemble outside the cell.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Severe infections emerge from commensal bacteria by adaptive evolution

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Life-threatening S. aureus infections emerge from commensal nose bacteria in association with repeatable adaptive evolution.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stochastic variation in the initial phase of bacterial infection predicts the probability of survival in D. melanogaster

    David Duneau et al.
    An analysis of within-host bacterial proliferation reveals that minor "stochastic" variation in the ability of the innate immune response to control bacterial growth early on can result in either survival or death of the host.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A live attenuated-vaccine model confers cross-protective immunity against different species of the Leptospira genus

    Elsio A Wunder et al.
    A single dose of a characterized motility-deficient mutant was sufficient to induce robust anti-protein antibodies' response and cross-protective immunity against death and colonization in two different animal models of leptospirosis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Epidemiology and burden of multidrug-resistant bacterial infection in a developing country

    Cherry Lim et al.
    The burden of antimicrobial resistance in Thailand is deteriorating over time, and 19,122 deaths in the country in 2010 were excess deaths caused by multidrug-resistant bacterial infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Intestinal infection regulates behavior and learning via neuroendocrine signaling

    Jogender Singh, Alejandro Aballay
    Feedback from the intestine during infection can modulate the behavior, learning, and microbial perception of the host.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Serotonin modulates insect hemocyte phagocytosis via two different serotonin receptors

    Yi-xiang Qi et al.
    Insects use serotonin signaling in blood cells to help defend themselves against pathogens.

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