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    1. Immunology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial autolysins trim cell surface peptidoglycan to prevent detection by the Drosophila innate immune system

    Magda Luciana Atilano et al.
    To avoid recognition by the immune system, bacteria use autolysins to trim fragments of peptidoglycans that are exposed on the bacterial cell wall.
    1. Immunology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Perforin-2 is essential for intracellular defense of parenchymal cells and phagocytes against pathogenic bacteria

    Ryan M McCormack et al.
    Perforin-2 deficiency is lethal upon infection with pathogenic bacteria despite the presence of other bactericidal effectors.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Genes and Chromosomes

    Frequent exchange of the DNA polymerase during bacterial chromosome replication

    Thomas R Beattie et al.
    DnaB Helicase is the only stable component of the bacterial replisome as the replicative DNA polymerase frequently exchanges in both leading and lagging strands.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cell Biology: Molecular clue links bacteria to the origin of animals

    Michael G Hadfield
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    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epidemiology: Promiscuous bacteria have staying power

    Ruth C Massey, Daniel J Wilson
    Being able to take up DNA from their environment might allow pneumococcal bacteria to colonize the human nose and throat for longer periods of time.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Avoidance of stochastic RNA interactions can be harnessed to control protein expression levels in bacteria and archaea

    Sinan Uğur Umu et al.
    Stochastic mRNA and non-coding RNA hybridisation has a major impact on protein expression.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple sources of slow activity fluctuations in a bacterial chemosensory network

    Remy Colin et al.
    Single-cell FRET measurements reveal large temporal activity fluctuations within this signaling pathway in Escherichia coli, caused by stochasticity of receptor methylation combined with allosteric interactions and slow rearrangements within receptor clusters.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology

    Sequence specific detection of bacterial 23S ribosomal RNA by TLR13

    Xiao-Dong Li, Zhijian J Chen
    A pattern recognition receptor called toll-like receptor 13 detects pathogens in a manner that is different to that seen in other pathogen sensors.
    1. Biochemistry
    2. Biophysics and Structural Biology

    Bacterial actin MreB forms antiparallel double filaments

    Fusinita van den Ent et al.
    The prokaryotic actin homologue MreB forms antiparallel double filaments in vitro and in vivo, an architecture that is unprecedented among the actin family of proteins.