999 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Repression by the Arabidopsis TOPLESS corepressor requires association with the core mediator complex

    Alexander R Leydon et al.
    The TPL corepressor binds to the core mediator complex through MED21 to inhibit transcription while simultaneously priming repressed genes for rapid reactivation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Random sub-diffusion and capture of genes by the nuclear pore reduces dynamics and coordinates inter-chromosomal movement

    Michael Chas Sumner et al.
    Measuring and simulating chromatin dynamics reveals that repositioning of genes to the nuclear pore is neither active nor vectorial, but reduces sub-diffusion and coordinates movement between loci on different chromosomes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Micron-scale geometrical features of microtubules as regulators of microtubule organization

    Nandini Mani et al.
    Micron-scale geometrical features of individual microtubule polymers and polymer networks encode information that guides the self-organization of microtubules into specialized structures for diverse cellular functions such as cell division and signaling in eukaryotic cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Detecting adaptive introgression in human evolution using convolutional neural networks

    Graham Gower et al.
    Convolutional neural networks are an effective tool for detecting archaic adaptive introgression from genomic data.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Canonical NF-κB signaling maintains corneal epithelial integrity and prevents corneal aging via retinoic acid

    Qian Yu et al.
    Corneal aging is regulated by the NF-κB-retinoic acid pathway and can be delayed by retinoic acid administration.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Bacterial death and TRADD-N domains help define novel apoptosis and immunity mechanisms shared by prokaryotes and metazoans

    Gurmeet Kaur et al.
    Prokaryotic TRADD-N and Death-like adaptor domains in diverse predicted apoptosis and immune systems from multicellular prokaryotes and metazoans indicate the common origin of key apoptosis mechanisms required for the stabilization of multicellularity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cytoplasmic mRNA decay represses RNA polymerase II transcription during early apoptosis

    Christopher Duncan-Lewis et al.
    Human cells respond to cytoplasmic mRNA depletion during early apoptosis by inhibiting RNA polymerase II transcription, thereby magnifying the gene expression shutdown during stress.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric conformational ensembles have unlimited capacity for integrating information

    John W Biddle et al.
    The effective higher-order binding cooperativities arising from an ensemble of dynamically interchanging conformations are identified and shown to fully describe integration of binding information at thermodynamic equilibrium.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A TORC1-histone axis regulates chromatin organisation and non-canonical induction of autophagy to ameliorate ageing

    Yu-Xuan Lu et al.
    Modulation of histone levels in gut enterocytes by rapamycin treatment alters chromatin organisation and induces intestinal autophagy through transcriptional regulation to prevent age-related decline in the intestine and extend lifespan.

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