177 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Enhancement of homology-directed repair with chromatin donor templates in cells

    Grisel Cruz-Becerra, James T Kadonaga
    Precise genome editing by homology-directed repair occurs more efficiently with a chromatin donor template than with a naked DNA donor template.
  1. May 2015

    Episode 20: May 2015

    In this episode we hear about echolocation, bacteriophages, babies and pain, a neural code for food abundance, and how zebrafish can make their own sunscreen.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    mRNA stem-loops can pause the ribosome by hindering A-site tRNA binding

    Chen Bao et al.
    By sterically hindering tRNA binding and inhibiting translation elongation, mRNA stem-loops can modulate gene expression.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    The dynamic interplay of host and viral enzymes in type III CRISPR-mediated cyclic nucleotide signalling

    Januka S Athukoralage et al.
    The dynamic interplay between type III CRISPR enzymes governs cyclic nucleotide levels and infection outcomes in virus-host conflict.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transparent soil microcosms for live-cell imaging and non-destructive stable isotope probing of soil microorganisms

    Kriti Sharma et al.
    Two optically transparent substrates enable the exploration of the ecophysiology and spatiotemporal organization and activities of bacteria and fungi within heterogeneous soil-like environments.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The histone modification reader ZCWPW1 links histone methylation to PRDM9-induced double-strand break repair

    Tao Huang et al.
    ZCWPW1 is a histone modification reader that localizes to DMC1-labelled double-strand break hotspots in a largely PRDM9-dependent manner, where it facilitates completion of synapsis by mediating DSB repair process.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery of several thousand highly diverse circular DNA viruses

    Michael J Tisza et al.
    A bioinformatics pipeline has annotated over 2,500 complete genomes of circular DNA viruses belonging to dozens of established and emerging viral families.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    E. coli TraR allosterically regulates transcription initiation by altering RNA polymerase conformation

    James Chen et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy structures, combined with biochemical experiments, show how the E. coli F element-encoded TraR protein regulates transcription initiation by altering RNA polymerase conformation and conformational heterogeneity.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpesviral lytic gene functions render the viral genome susceptible to novel editing by CRISPR/Cas9

    Hyung Suk Oh et al.
    CRISPR genome editing technology can efficiently introduce mutations into lytic and latent HSV genomes to block lytic replication and reactivation of latent herpes simplex virus genome though differential mechanisms.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    An integrin/MFG-E8 shuttle loads HIV-1 viral-like particles onto follicular dendritic cells in mouse lymph node

    Chung Park, John H Kehrl
    Intravital imaging with HIV-1 viral-like particle in mouse model reveals a mechanism for HIV-1 uptake by subcapsular sinus macrophages that facilitates HIV-1 spreading tofollicular dendritic and B cells.

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