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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Structure of a Holliday junction complex reveals mechanisms governing a highly regulated DNA transaction

    Gurunathan Laxmikanthan et al.
    The structure of a multi-protein DNA recombination reaction intermediate reveals how regulation is achieved by protein-mediated DNA wrapping around a core enzyme-substrate complex.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary consequences of intra-patient phage predation on microbial populations

    Kimberley D Seed et al.
    Bacterial viruses are an unexpected ‘third party’ that imposes a strong predatory pressure on a bacterial pathogen during the natural course of infection in humans.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ecology and evolution of viruses infecting uncultivated SUP05 bacteria as revealed by single-cell- and meta-genomics

    Simon Roux et al.
    Single-cell amplified genome sequencing uncovers virus-host interactions in uncultivated sulfur-oxidizing bacteria with relevance to coupled biogeochemical cycling in marine oxygen minimum zones.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Competing scaffolding proteins determine capsid size during mobilization of Staphylococcus aureus pathogenicity islands

    Altaira D Dearborn et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy and genetics show how Staphylococcus aureus pathogenicity island 1 hijacks the assembly pathway of a helper phage for its own propagation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The phage L capsid decoration protein has a novel OB-fold and an unusual capsid binding strategy

    Rebecca L Newcomer et al.
    The structure of phage L's Dec demonstrates a new fold within this family of proteins, and shows modulation of capsid binding occurs through two sites, with site 1 being preferred.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structural basis for AcrVA4 inhibition of specific CRISPR-Cas12a

    Gavin J Knott et al.
    An ancestral helical bundle governs whether the crRNA-processing nuclease of CRISPR-Cas12a is exploited by a phage-encoded allosteric anti-CRISPR.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative base pair melting by helicase and polymerase positioned one nucleotide from each other

    Divya Nandakumar et al.
    A detailed model of the T7 replisome with the precise positions of the helicase and polymerase at the replication fork explains how catalysis by the two enzymes is coordinated.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A type III-A CRISPR-Cas system employs degradosome nucleases to ensure robust immunity

    Lucy Chou-Zheng, Asma Hatoum-Aslan
    Degradosome-associated nucleases PNPase and RNase J2 are required for type III CRISPR immunity against diverse nucleic acid invaders originating from plasmid and phage.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Viral hijacking of a replicative helicase loader and its implications for helicase loading control and phage replication

    Iris V Hood, James M Berger
    A phage-encoded protein inhibits a bacterial replicative helicase loading factor by exploiting an internal site that auto-regulates loader self-assembly and ATPase activity.