163 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A systematically-revised ribosome profiling method for bacteria reveals pauses at single-codon resolution

    Fuad Mohammad et al.
    With the removal of confounding artifacts, ribosome profiling can yield insight into the mechanism of protein synthesis in bacteria at high resolution.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    New tools for automated high-resolution cryo-EM structure determination in RELION-3

    Jasenko Zivanov et al.
    RELION-3 calculates single-particle reconstructions to higher resolution and with less user-interactions than previously available versions.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Firefly genomes illuminate parallel origins of bioluminescence in beetles

    Timothy R Fallon et al.
    The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    All-atom molecular dynamics of the HBV capsid reveals insights into biological function and cryo-EM resolution limits

    Jodi A Hadden et al.
    All-atom molecular dynamics of the HBV capsid supports a role for structural asymmetry in biological function, reveals the potential for triangular pores to mediate cellular signaling, and indicates that capsid flexibility may limit resolution attainable by cryo-EM.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Enhancement of homology-directed repair with chromatin donor templates in cells

    Grisel Cruz-Becerra, James T Kadonaga
    Precise genome editing by homology-directed repair occurs more efficiently with a chromatin donor template than with a naked DNA donor template.
    1. Cell Biology

    Unstructured regions in IRE1α specify BiP-mediated destabilisation of the luminal domain dimer and repression of the UPR

    Niko Amin-Wetzel et al.
    Client protein-driven reversal of endoplasmic reticulum chaperone (BiP) mediated-repression is revealed as a principal component of the regulation of the unfolded protein response transducer IRE1 in cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extensive horizontal gene transfer in cheese-associated bacteria

    Kevin S Bonham et al.
    The identification of horizontally transferred genes, and commonly transferred functions, can provide a window into the selective forces acting on species within an ecosystem.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The structure of the COPII transport-vesicle coat assembled on membranes

    Giulia Zanetti et al.
    A structure of the complete, membrane bound, COPII coat solved by sub-tomogram averaging reveals the arrangement of all protein subunits on the membrane and suggests a mechanism for coating heterogeneously-shaped carriers.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The kinetoplastid-infecting Bodo saltans virus (BsV), a window into the most abundant giant viruses in the sea

    Christoph M Deeg et al.
    Bodo saltans virus defines the most abundant giant viruses in the ocean and highlights the genomic plasticity, rooted in evolutionary arms races, that gave rise to giant viruses.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Elevation of CpG frequencies in influenza A genome attenuates pathogenicity but enhances host response to infection

    Eleanor Gaunt et al.
    Mutants of influenza A virus with increased CpG dinucleotide frequencies show restricted replication and reduced or absent pathogenicity, and powerful host innate and adaptive responses to infection that confer immunity to re-infection.

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