9 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A selective gut bacterial bile salt hydrolase alters host metabolism

    Lina Yao et al.
    The deletion of a single gene encoding a selective bile salt hydrolase from the abundant human gut bacterium Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron significantly alters host metabolism.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Expansion of intestinal Prevotella copri correlates with enhanced susceptibility to arthritis

    Jose U Scher et al.
    The sequencing of microbial genomes reveals that the presence of a particular microbial species in the gut may increase the risk of the autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Changes in the genetic requirements for microbial interactions with increasing community complexity

    Manon Morin et al.
    Analysis of the global genetic requirements and gene expression changes in E. coli in the presence of a simple microbiome revealed pairwise and higher-order interactions, and underlying molecular mechanisms.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Human gut Bacteroides capture vitamin B12 via cell surface-exposed lipoproteins

    Aaron G Wexler et al.
    The human gut bacterial lipoprotein BtuG binds vitamin B12 with femtomolar affinity, can remove vitamin B12 from human intrinsic factor, and is required for commensal fitness in the gut.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Evolution of (p)ppGpp-HPRT regulation through diversification of an allosteric oligomeric interaction

    Brent W Anderson et al.
    The signaling ligand (p)ppGpp regulates the enzyme HPRT across species by binding to a novel class of conserved motif, yet its specificity is allosterically altered through evolution of enzyme oligomerization.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Recurring patterns in bacterioplankton dynamics during coastal spring algae blooms

    Hanno Teeling et al.
    Dynamic successive blooms of clades of planktonic marine bacteria that can be observed during blooms of marine algae follow discernible patterns, part of which might be explained by substrate-induced forcing.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated culturing, modeling and transcriptomics uncovers complex interactions and emergent behavior in a three-species synthetic gut community

    Kevin D'hoe et al.
    Human gut bacteria alter their metabolism in response to each other's presence, which causes their community dynamics to deviate from predictions that are based on mono-culture data.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Edited by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
  1. Episode 50: October 2018

    In this special episode, we discuss how tiny microbes in the gut – the microbiome – can have a huge impact on the lives of animals.

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