125 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Formin-like 1 mediates effector T cell trafficking to inflammatory sites to enable T cell-mediated autoimmunity

    Scott B Thompson et al.
    Lymphocyte migration and autoimmunity induction rely on Formin-like 1-mediated actin network remodeling to push the lymphocyte nucleus through restrictive endothelial barriers.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Histone Deacetylase 7 mediates tissue-specific autoimmunity via control of innate effector function in invariant Natural Killer T Cells

    Herbert G Kasler et al.
    The development of Natural Killer T Cells is controlled by Histone Deacetylase 7, a function that combined with its known role in thymic negative selection provides a potential mechanism explaining its association with tissue-specific autoimmunity in humans.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neonatal-derived IL-17 producing dermal γδ T cells are required to prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis

    Nicholas A Spidale et al.
    Neonatal-origin dermal Tγδ17 cells are required to maintain normal keratinocytes and prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genome sequence of the colonial chordate, Botryllus schlosseri

    Ayelet Voskoboynik et al.
    The Botryllus schlosseri genome yields insights into the evolution of hematopoiesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD8+ T cell self-tolerance permits responsiveness but limits tissue damage

    Emily N Truckenbrod et al.
    Identification and characterization of the responses of T lymphocytes that are specific for 'self' tissue antigens, revealing the functional limits of immune tolerance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    A role for phagocytosis in inducing cell death during thymocyte negative selection

    Nadia S Kurd et al.
    Self-reactive thymocyte death is most efficient when peptide-presenting cells are phagocytic, and blocking phagocytosis inhibits self-reactive thymocyte death, suggesting that phagocytes play central roles during thymocyte negative selection.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Soluble PD-L1 generated by endogenous retroelement exaptation is a receptor antagonist

    Kevin W Ng et al.
    An ancient integration of an endogenous retroelement in the gene encoding PD-L1 is exapted to generate a soluble form that antagonises the suppressive function of the membrane-bound form.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CRIg, a tissue-resident macrophage specific immune checkpoint molecule, promotes immunological tolerance in NOD mice, via a dual role in effector and regulatory T cells

    Xiaomei Yuan et al.
    Tissue-resident macrophages sense environmental cues and regulate adaptive immunity via an immune checkpoint molecule CRIg.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The innate immune sensor IFI16 recognizes foreign DNA in the nucleus by scanning along the duplex

    Sarah A Stratmann et al.
    The scanning-assisted clustering mechanism of IFI16 not only allows efficient assembly on exposed foreign-dsDNA, but also suppresses the engagement of chromatinized self-dsDNA.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Calibration of cell-intrinsic interleukin-2 response thresholds guides design of a regulatory T cell biased agonist

    Caleb R Glassman et al.
    A panel of interleukin-2 partial agonists designed to exploit distinct immune cell response thresholds enabled selective activation of regulatory T cells in vivo.

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