Multimegadalton intraflagellar transport (IFT) trains assemble by sequential recruitment of IFT subcomplexes from the cell body to the ciliary basal bodies and tubulin, the main IFT cargo, is loaded briefly before trains depart.
Hierarchical information flow in a cortico-limbic loop between the insular cortex, central amygdala and the cholinergic basal forebrain links bodily states with environmental stimuli to guide fear and reward behavior.
At optimal concentrations, the ciliary inhibitor Cp110 promotes ciliogenesis by localization to previously uncharacterized sites at the basal body, where it recruits ciliary adhesion complexes that mediate basal body interaction with F-actin networks.
Extensive genetic diversity and novel genome structures in RNA viruses from arthropods shed important new light on the ancestry and evolutionary history of major classes of vertebrate and plant viruses.
The brain and olfactory epithelium play a key role in pattering chondrogenic areas in the developing face, which is partly based on the release of SHH from neurosensory structures into the facial mesenchyme.