343 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Heparin-induced tau filaments are polymorphic and differ from those in Alzheimer’s and Pick’s diseases

    Wenjuan Zhang et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of heparin-induced tau filaments differ from those observed in neurodegenerative disease, illustrating their structural versatility, and prompting questions about the relevance of in vitro amyloid models.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Time preferences are reliable across time-horizons and verbal versus experiential tasks

    Evgeniya Lukinova et al.
    People have stable time-preferences regardless of whether they are measured using a non-verbal experiential task, as is typical in animal experiments, or using a more traditional verbal task.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    TRIM28 promotes HIV-1 latency by SUMOylating CDK9 and inhibiting P-TEFb

    Xiancai Ma et al.
    TRIM28 was found to be a versatile dual-function latency contributor by bridging both suppressive epigenetic modifications and RNAP II transcriptional-pausing, and can be a novel target to develop latency-reversing agents.
    1. Neuroscience

    S-cone photoreceptors in the primate retina are functionally distinct from L and M cones

    Jacob Baudin et al.
    Heterogeneity in perceptual sensitivity of human cone-mediated vision across wavelength originates in the cone photoreceptors, where S cones exhibit distinct functional properties in comparison to L and M cones.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Primed Track, high-fidelity lineage tracing in mouse pre-implantation embryos using primed conversion of photoconvertible proteins

    Maaike Welling et al.
    Primed Track is an image analysis tool that allows for computational correction of drifting specimen to enable accurate lineage tracing of mammalian pre-implantation development even for larger imaging time intervals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comparisons between the ON- and OFF-edge motion pathways in the Drosophila brain

    Kazunori Shinomiya et al.
    A complete connectome of the ON and OFF motion pathways of the Drosophila optic lobe is acquired using three-dimensional EM methods, and the similarities and differences of the two pathways are uncovered.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decreased brain connectivity in smoking contrasts with increased connectivity in drinking

    Wei Cheng et al.
    The findings have a major impact in understanding the different reward systems involved in two types of addictive behavior, and these advances have implications for prevention and treatment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Balance between BDNF and Semaphorins gates the innervation of the mammary gland

    Hadas Sar Shalom et al.
    The innervation of the mammary gland is controlled by opposing effects of neurotrophic and repulsive factors and, once trophic signaling is inhibited the repulsive factors, may promote axonal pruning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Evoked transients of pH-sensitive fluorescent false neurotransmitter reveal dopamine hot spots in the globus pallidus

    Jozsef Meszaros et al.
    Dopamine release within the mouse external globus pallidus, an area of very sparse innervation, is observed and described for the first time through a new technique: flashing false fluorescent neurotransmitters.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cells repurpose proliferation to contain a breach in their niche barrier

    Kenneth Lay et al.
    Adult stem cells sense nearby tissue damage and recruit immune cells to help them direct efforts towards containing a breach in the epithelial barrier.

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