2,852 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    NusG inhibits RNA polymerase backtracking by stabilizing the minimal transcription bubble

    Matti Turtola, Georgiy A Belogurov
    NusG enhances transcription elongation by stabilizing DNA base pairs immediately upstream of the RNA-DNA hybrid but does not measurably affect the nucleotide incorporation and the forward translocation by RNA polymerase.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Mechanism of allosteric regulation of β2-adrenergic receptor by cholesterol

    Moutusi Manna et al.
    Atomistic simulations reveal how lipids can allosterically modulate membrane receptors.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 polymerase by nucleotide analogs from a single-molecule perspective

    Mona Seifert et al.
    High-throughput and ultra-stable magnetic tweezers reveal that Remdesivir induces a long-lived backtrack pause upon incorporation by the coronavirus polymerase, and SARS-CoV-2 is able to evade interferon-induced antiviral ddhCTP.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Two-subunit DNA escort mechanism and inactive subunit bypass in an ultra-fast ring ATPase

    Ninning Liu et al.
    The subunits of the SpoIIIE motor contact the 5'→3' strand of DNA in sequence to rapidly translocate the DNA across a membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Flexible motor sequence generation during stereotyped escape responses

    Yuan Wang et al.
    Time-ordered and flexible motor sequences in C.elegans are generated by combining an excitatory feedforward coupling and mutual inhibitions between neurons in different functional modules.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Pharmacological dimerization and activation of the exchange factor eIF2B antagonizes the integrated stress response

    Carmela Sidrauski et al.
    A drug-like molecule called ISRIB, which activates the translation initiation factor eIF2B, antagonizes stress responses as diverse as protein misfolding and nutrient deprivation, and restores protein synthesis, enhancing memory.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Characterization of the ABC methionine transporter from Neisseria meningitidis reveals that lipidated MetQ is required for interaction

    Naima G Sharaf et al.
    NmMetQ is a lipoprotein that tethers to membranes via a lipid anchor and has dual function and localization, playing a role in NmMetNI-mediated transport at the inner membrane and moonlighting on the bacterial surface.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A twist defect mechanism for ATP-dependent translocation of nucleosomal DNA

    Jessica Winger et al.
    Based on its nucleotide-bound state, the Chd1 chromatin remodeler can locally alter DNA twist on the nucleosome, which either pulls in or expels ~1 bp of DNA at the internal SHL2 binding site.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    3D visualization of macromolecule synthesis

    Timothy J Duerr et al.
    Whole mount 3D visualization of macromolecule synthesis with light sheet fluorescence microscopy enables quantitative, multiscale analysis at the organ, cellular, and molecular levels of organization.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Towards a mechanistic foundation of evolutionary theory

    Michael Doebeli et al.
    A description of evolution that is based on birth-death processes, and in which fitness is at most a derived quantity, is advocated.

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