3,146 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Structure in the variability of the basic reproductive number (R0) for Zika epidemics in the Pacific islands

    Clara Champagne et al.
    Stochastic models able to reproduce both incidence and seroprevalence data for Zika outbreaks in the Pacific Islands estimate that the basic reproduction number (R0) is between 1.5 and 4.1.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Assessing the danger of self-sustained HIV epidemics in heterosexuals by population based phylogenetic cluster analysis

    Teja Turk et al.
    A method to assess the risk of self-sustained HIV transmission in heterosexuals from phylogenetic and epidemiological data is developed and, when applied to the Swiss HIV epidemic, shows that this risk is negligibly small for Switzerland.
    1. Plant Biology

    The role of APETALA1 in petal number robustness

    Marie Monniaux et al.
    Variable petal number in Cardamine hirsuta is explained by regulatory changes in the MADS-box gene APETALA1 that relaxed its epistasis over mapped QTL in the C. hirsuta genome.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Social fluidity mobilizes contagion in human and animal populations

    Ewan Colman et al.
    A new way of measuring sociality in human and animal contact networks reveals the link between social behavior, population density, and disease transmission.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-to-cell infection by HIV contributes over half of virus infection

    Shingo Iwami et al.
    The human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 primarily spreads between cells using a method called cell-to-cell infection, suggesting that this process may be a target for anti-viral drugs.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) by the numbers

    Yinon M Bar-On et al.
    Key numbers about the biology of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and the infection of a single human host by the virus have been compiled from the peer-reviewed literature.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Evaluation of predictions of the stochastic model of organelle production based on exact distributions

    C Jeremy Craven
    A reanalysis of the stochastic model of organelle production (Mukherji and O'Shea, 2014) suggests that this model requires significant further discussion.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    How scent and nectar influence floral antagonists and mutualists

    Danny Kessler et al.
    Floral scent and nectar are highly variable in natural populations and both traits can influence outcrossing rates differently for different pollinators and increase future herbivory.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Early asymmetric cues triggering the dorsal/ventral gene regulatory network of the sea urchin embryo

    Vincenzo Cavalieri, Giovanni Spinelli
    During early embryogenesis of the sea urchin, asymmetrical positioning of the dorsal/ventral organizer relies upon the suppression of organizer activities in dorsal blastomeres by the Hbox12 homeodomain-containing repressor.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Variation in natural exposure to anopheles mosquitoes and its effects on malaria transmission

    Wamdaogo M Guelbéogo et al.
    Heterogeneity in exposure to malaria vectors, including sporozoite-infected mosquitoes, contributes to the variation in human infection risk and amplifies the local transmission potential.

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