Browse the search results

Page 2 of 172
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Analysis of zebrafish periderm enhancers facilitates identification of a regulatory variant near human KRT8/18

    Huan Liu et al.
    Analysis of zebrafish periderm enhancers illuminates the conserved DNA of epithelial enhancers across species and prioritizes orofacial-cleft-associated regulatory variants near KRT18/KRT8.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based combination antiretroviral therapy is associated with lower cell-associated HIV RNA and DNA levels compared to protease inhibitor-based therapy

    Alexander O Pasternak et al.
    In two independent cohorts, NNRTI-based cART regimens are associated with significantly lower cell-associated HIV RNA levels than PI-based regimens, suggesting more potent suppression of residual virus replication by NNRTI-based regimens.
    1. Neuroscience

    A large fraction of neocortical myelin ensheathes axons of local inhibitory neurons

    Kristina D Micheva et al.
    Parvalbumin-positive inhibitory neurons in the cortex have insulating myelin sheathes, despite forming only short-range connections.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nanodomain coupling explains Ca2+ independence of transmitter release time course at a fast central synapse

    Itaru Arai, Peter Jonas
    Ca2+ channels and release sensors at a fast central synapse are tightly coupled, which minimizes the effect of extracellular Ca2+ concentration on the timing of transmitter release.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Flura-seq identifies organ-specific metabolic adaptations during early metastatic colonization

    Harihar Basnet et al.
    Development and application of highly sensitive in situ transcriptomics method, Flura-seq, in identifying dynamic organ-specific transcriptomes in early stage breast cancer metastasis have been described.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inferring synaptic inputs from spikes with a conductance-based neural encoding model

    Kenneth W Latimer et al.
    The conductance-based encoding model creates a new bridge between statistical models and biophysical models of neurons, and infers visually-evoked excitatory and inhibitory synaptic conductances from spike trains in macaque retina.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Single-cell analysis uncovers that metabolic reprogramming by ErbB2 signaling is essential for cardiomyocyte proliferation in the regenerating heart

    Hessel Honkoop et al.
    Single-cell RNA sequencing reveals Nrg1/ErbB2-induced metabolic reprogramming as a pivotal event for cardiomyocyte proliferation during heart regeneration.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Moderate nucleotide diversity in the Atlantic herring is associated with a low mutation rate

    Chungang Feng et al.
    The Atlantic herring has the lowest mutation rate yet estimated in a vertebrate species and this partially explains its moderate nucleotide diversity given the large population size.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneuron-specific gamma synchronization indexes cue uncertainty and prediction errors in lateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex

    Kianoush Banaie Boroujeni et al.
    A fast spiking interneuron sub-type in medial and lateral prefrontal cortex fires and gamma-synchronizes prominently during adaptive learning of reward values when outcomes are uncertain and choice options have similar values.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolution of C4 photosynthesis predicted by constraint-based modelling

    Mary-Ann Blätke, Andrea Bräutigam
    Constraint-based modelling predicts C4 photosynthesis evolves under resource limitation from an ancestral ground state of C3 photosynthesis and attributes divergent metabolic routes in extant C4 subtypes to light.