847 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Bayesian inference for biophysical neuron models enables stimulus optimization for retinal neuroprosthetics

    Jonathan Oesterle et al.
    Bayesian simulator-based inference is used to infer the parameters of complex multicompartment models of retinal neurons from two-photon imaging data.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian and efficient observer model explains concurrent attractive and repulsive history biases in visual perception

    Matthias Fritsche et al.
    Attractive and repulsive history biases in visual perception occur simultaneously, yet over dissociable timescales, and are explained by efficient encoding and Bayesian decoding of visual information in a stable environment.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A Bayesian analysis of the association between Leukotriene A4 Hydrolase genotype and survival in tuberculous meningitis

    Laura Whitworth et al.
    In this ideal example of pharmacogenomics, individuals with a common variant in a gene encoding for an inflammatory lipid mediator benefit selectively from standard-of-care anti-inflammatory treatment used for tuberculous meningitis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bayesian analysis of retinotopic maps

    Noah C Benson, Jonathan Winawer
    A novel Bayesian method of modeling retinotopic maps is more accurate than traditional voxel-wise methods and can be used to automatically derive high-quality maps.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The periaqueductal gray and Bayesian integration in placebo analgesia

    Arvina Grahl et al.
    Bayesian integration is able to predict placebo treatment outcomes by focusing especially on the influence of the precision of expectations.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian model of context-sensitive value attribution

    Francesco Rigoli et al.
    The dependence of incentive value attribution on the anticipation of rewards within a given context is explained via a normative Bayesian account of how rewards map to incentive values.
    1. Neuroscience

    Autistic traits, but not schizotypy, predict increased weighting of sensory information in Bayesian visual integration

    Povilas Karvelis et al.
    Autistic traits are associated with weaker influence of prior expectations in visual perception, which is due to more precise sensory representations.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Efficacy profile of the CYD-TDV dengue vaccine revealed by Bayesian survival analysis of individual-level phase III data

    Daniel J Laydon et al.
    Bayesian survival analysis reveals comprehensive efficacy profile and mechanism of action for Sanofi-Pasteur’s CYD-TDV dengue vaccine, whereby vaccination acts as a silent, disease-free infection enhancing disease risk in seronegatives, but giving greater immunity in seropositives than two natural infections.
    1. Neuroscience

    Likelihood approximation networks (LANs) for fast inference of simulation models in cognitive neuroscience

    Alexander Fengler et al.
    A novel method and software provides researchers with the capability to rapidly, flexibly, and robustly perform Bayesian parameter estimation of theoretically meaningful models in cognitive neuroscience that were heretofore intractable.
    1. Neuroscience

    Using the past to estimate sensory uncertainty

    Ulrik Beierholm et al.
    For perceptual inference, human observers do not estimate sensory uncertainty instantaneously from the current sensory signals alone, but by combining past and current sensory inputs consistent with a Bayesian learner.

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