143 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic lithium treatment elicits its antimanic effects via BDNF-TrkB dependent synaptic downscaling

    Erinn S Gideons et al.
    The antimanic action of lithium requires BDNF-TrkB signaling coupled with enhanced dynamin-dependent endocytosis of AMPARs as a potential mechanism underlying the therapeutic effects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Loss of MeCP2 disrupts cell autonomous and autocrine BDNF signaling in mouse glutamatergic neurons

    Charanya Sampathkumar et al.
    In mouse models of Rett syndrome, the impaired cell autonomous BDNF feed forward signaling pathway results in abnormalities in neurite outgrowth and synapse formation in excitatory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oligodendrocytes regulate presynaptic properties and neurotransmission through BDNF signaling in the mouse brainstem

    Miae Jang et al.
    Oligodendrocytes are actively engaged in the precise control of synaptic functions in the CNS through activity-dependent BDNF signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    MeCP2 regulates Tet1-catalyzed demethylation, CTCF binding, and learning-dependent alternative splicing of the BDNF gene in Turtle

    Zhaoqing Zheng et al.
    Loss of MeCP2 function negatively impacts Tet1 and CTCF binding thereby negatively impacting learning-dependent DNA methylation and alternative splicing regulation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Exercise promotes the expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) through the action of the ketone body β-hydroxybutyrate

    Sama F Sleiman et al.
    A potential link between metabolic changes resulting from exercise and gene expression in the brain has been revealed.
    1. Neuroscience

    Balance between BDNF and Semaphorins gates the innervation of the mammary gland

    Hadas Sar Shalom et al.
    The innervation of the mammary gland is controlled by opposing effects of neurotrophic and repulsive factors and, once trophic signaling is inhibited the repulsive factors, may promote axonal pruning.
    1. Neuroscience

    BDNF-TrkB signaling in oxytocin neurons contributes to maternal behavior

    Kristen R Maynard et al.
    Brain-derived neurotrophic factor signaling plays a causal role in female-typical social behavior and modulates oxytocin neuron gene expression.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early structural and functional plasticity alterations in a susceptibility period of DYT1 dystonia mouse striatum

    Marta Maltese et al.
    Structural and functional striatal synaptic plasticity abnormalities occur early in a sensitive developmental period, representing a potential unique endophenotypic traits that increase the risk of manifesting clinical symptoms in DYT1 mutation carriers.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    High-intensity training enhances executive function in children in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial

    David Moreau et al.
    Short bursts of high-intensity exercise elicit robust improvements in core cognitive abilities, especially in individuals whose genotype is associated with lower cognitive performance.

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