8,638 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    A gradient of Wnt activity positions the neurosensory domains of the inner ear

    Magdalena Żak, Nicolas Daudet
    Manipulations of Wnt signalling in the chicken embryo reveal how it controls in a dose-dependent manner the formation of the neurosensory territories of the early developing inner ear.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventrolateral periaqueductal gray neurons prioritize threat probability over fear output

    Kristina M Wright, Michael A McDannald
    Single-unit activity in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray, a brain region implicated in organizing fear output, is found to reflect threat probability, a more versatile threat signal.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Reduced metabolism supports hypoxic flight in the high-flying bar-headed goose (Anser indicus)

    Jessica U Meir et al.
    Measurements of bar-headed geese flying in a wind tunnel in hypoxia reveal that these birds sustain aerobic flight at high altitude via a reduction in metabolism.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generation of inner ear hair cells by direct lineage conversion of primary somatic cells

    Louise Menendez et al.
    Direct reprogramming of somatic cells to an inner ear sensory hair cell-like state provides an experimental platform to identify causes and treatments for hair cell loss and hearing deficits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of astrocytes in hippocampus decreases fear memory through adenosine A1 receptors

    Yulan Li et al.
    A new strategy of memory consolidation disruption based on astrocyte and purinergic signaling, which leads to persistent fear memory attenuation accompanied by reduced fear-related anxiety behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noradrenergic projections from the locus coeruleus to the amygdala constrain fear memory reconsolidation

    Josué Haubrich et al.
    The overactivation of noradrenergic inputs to the amygdala during severe fear learning increases memory stability at the expense of lability, rendering the trace resistant to memory destabilization and reconsolidation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Shaping of inner ear sensory organs through antagonistic interactions between Notch signalling and Lmx1a

    Zoe F Mann et al.
    A dynamic confrontation between Notch signalling and the transcription factor Lmx1a at the borders of the developing inner ear sensory patches regulates their segregation and the positioning of their boundaries.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early life adversity decreases pre-adolescent fear expression by accelerating amygdala PV cell development

    Gabriela Manzano Nieves et al.
    Early life adversity (ELA) accelerated PV+ interneuron development in BLA and delayed the ability of pre-adolescent mice to express, but not form, an auditory conditioned fear memory in childhood.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Near-infrared dual bioluminescence imaging in mouse models of cancer using infraluciferin

    Cassandra L Stowe et al.
    Two cellular populations can be tracked in the same small animal model using near-infrared bioluminescence imaging, for the first time opening up the window for multi-coloured bioluminescence.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Defining the location of promoter-associated R-loops at near-nucleotide resolution using bisDRIP-seq

    Jason G Dumelie, Samie R Jaffrey
    Genome-wide profiling of R-loops at near single-nucleotide resolution reveals distinct R-loop boundaries depending on the presence and location of the first exon-intron junction.

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