2,569 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral-state modulation of inhibition is context-dependent and cell type specific in mouse visual cortex

    Janelle MP Pakan et al.
    The three main types of inhibitory neurons in mouse primary visual cortex respond differently to locomotion in darkness and during visual stimulation, revealing context-dependent responses to changes in behavioral state.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamic structure of locomotor behavior in walking fruit flies

    Alexander Y Katsov et al.
    A principled statistical segmentation of fruit fly walking leads to a compact model of immediate actions that can reproduce the unique behavioral sequences of individual flies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid whole brain imaging of neural activity in freely behaving larval zebrafish (Danio rerio)

    Lin Cong et al.
    The integration of a novel high spatiotemporal resolution volume imaging technique and a fast 3D tracking system allows capturing whole brain neural activities in a freely behaving larval zebrafish.
    1. Neuroscience

    Embryonic transcription factor expression in mice predicts medial amygdala neuronal identity and sex-specific responses to innate behavioral cues

    Julieta E Lischinsky et al.
    Studying the development of the medial amygdala in the mouse reveals how the brain may potentially process sex differences in innate behaviors such as mating.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells
    2. Neuroscience

    Homeodomain protein Otp affects developmental neuropeptide switching in oxytocin neurons associated with a long-term effect on social behavior

    Einav Wircer et al.
    Experiments in zebrafish reveal a new role for a critical hypothalamic transcription factor, orthopedia, in controlling developmental neuropeptide balance in a discrete oxytocin-producing neuronal circuit whose disrupted development affects social behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor control of Drosophila feeding behavior

    Olivia Schwarz et al.
    The neuroanatomical and functional analysis of genetically-identified motoneurons controlling all major steps of Drosophila proboscis extension provides new insights into the architecture of a motor circuitry controlling a reaching-like behavior.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Resolving coiled shapes reveals new reorientation behaviors in C. elegans

    Onno D Broekmans et al.
    A conceptually simple algorithm can analyze previously uncharacterized 2D coiled postures of the nematode C. elegans and has uncovered new reorientation behaviors in large amplitude turns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-driven transcriptional changes in prefrontal cortex override genetic differences in social behavior

    Mar Gacias et al.
    Gut microbiota can influence mPFC transcriptional profiles and myelin content, overriding the impact of genetic background in the development of social avoidance behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Integrated action of pheromone signals in promoting courtship behavior in male mice

    Sachiko Haga-Yamanaka et al.
    Identification of two classes of mouse vomeronasal receptors for female pheromone cues suggests distinct gating mechanisms in pheromone-triggered reproductive behaviors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Species-specific modulation of food-search behavior by respiration and chemosensation in Drosophila larvae

    Daeyeon Kim et al.
    In naturalistic conditions, larvae of the Drosophila group exhibit species-specific strategies to search for food resources through a primitive form of risk-taking behavior that is controlled by a tradeoff between exploitation and odor-driven exploration.

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